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Details 1941 Hammond Pictorial Map of United States Defense Mobilization pre WWII
$450.00

1941 Hammond Pictorial Map of United States Defense Mobilization Before WWII

DefenseMobilization-hammond-1941
$450.00
Defense Map of the United States Prepared by C.S. Hammond and Company, N.Y. Showing the Mobilization of our Military and Economic Resources. - Main View
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1941 Hammond Pictorial Map of United States Defense Mobilization Before WWII

DefenseMobilization-hammond-1941

Features a visually arresting border highlighting American air, land, and sea power to be used in the coming war.

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Title


Defense Map of the United States Prepared by C.S. Hammond and Company, N.Y. Showing the Mobilization of our Military and Economic Resources.
  1941 (undated)     21.75 x 31.5 in (55.245 x 80.01 cm)     1 : 11200000

Description


This is a c. 1941 C. S. Hammond and Company pictorial map of the United States highlighting the military and economic resources available on the brink of World War II. The map depicts the United States from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic Seaboard and from the Canadian border to the Mexican border and Key West. Blu -colored cogs highlight industrial areas around the country in an effort to illustrate the industrial might that would be brought to bear. Other defense industries are marked on the map by icons, including shipyards and factories making planes, airplane engines, munitions, tanks, guns, steel, and aluminum. Army and navy bases are identified as well, as are army and navy airfields.

It is the pictorial border, however, that immediately draws the viewer's attention. The air, land, and sea forces of the United States military are put on full display, creating a forceful image that definitely falls under the umbrella of propaganda and the banner of 'support the military'. Cutting edge aircraft, such as the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Consolidated B-24 Liberator, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Grumman F4F Wildcat, and Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, are prominently illustrated along the map's top border, with tanks, artillery guns, howitzers, and supply trucks representing ground forces.

Perhaps the most incredible part of this piece (with the benefit of hindsight of course) is the placement of the battleship front and center along the bottom border. The legendary naval engagements fought between the United States and Japan had not yet occurred, and naval strategists believed that the battleship, not the aircraft carrier, would be the key element to success on the world's oceans. An aircraft carrier appears to the right of the battleship, complete with its aircraft on the flight deck. A heavy cruiser steams to the battleship's left, surrounded by torpedo boats, light cruisers, destroyers, and submarines.

Illustrations of American Army and Navy insignia frame the entire piece, with army insignia on the left and navy insignia on the right. Army insignia of rank, from general to private first class, are situated at the top left, while insignia of 'arms and services', such as the infantry, ordnance department, signal corps, and medical corps, are on the bottom left. Naval insignia of rank are just opposite, on the top right, while naval specialty marks, such as sharpshooter, bugler, machinist's mate, and cook, are on the bottom right. A sample of Army and Navy Air Corps insignia are included along the top, while the insignia of army headquarters, field armies, army corps, and army divisions are along the bottom.
Publication History and Census
This map was created by C.S. Hammond and Company and published c. 1941. The OCLC catalogues examples of this map as being part of fourteen institutional collections, but it is scarce on the private market.

Cartographer


Caleb Stillson Hammond (1862 - 1929) was the founder of C. S. Hammond & Company, a map making and printing firm based in Brooklyn, New York. Hammond started his career in mapmaking as the head of Rand McNally's offices in New York City, where he began working in 1894. Hammond split with Rand McNally, forming his own printing concern in Brooklyn, New York, in 1900. The firm was subsequently incorporated in 1901 and relocated to Manhattan, and then to Maplewood, New Jersey, near Hammond's family home. Hammond rose to become one of the largest cartographic publishers in the United States, second only to Rand McNally in volume. On his retirement, C. S. Hammond passed the firm to his son, who subsequently passed it to his own son, C. D. Hammond, who sold the company to Langenscheidt Publishers in 1999. The firm has since been folded into Universal Map, an affiliate of Kappa Publishing Group. This archives of the Hammond World Atlas Corporation, an invaluable resource, where donated to the Library of Congress in 2002. Learn More...

Condition


Very good. Wear along original fold lines. Slight loss at one fold intersection. Blank on verso.

References


Curtis, P. and J. Pedersen, War Map p. 132-33. Rumsey 8840.000. OCLC 66898853.