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1578 De Jode / Gastaldi Map of Southeast Asia

Tertiae Partis Asiae quae modernis India orientalis dicitur acurata delineatio Autore Iacobo Castaldo Pedemontano. Gerardus de Iode excudebat. - Main View

1578 De Jode / Gastaldi Map of Southeast Asia


Flawless example of one of the earliest modern maps of the East Indies.



Tertiae Partis Asiae quae modernis India orientalis dicitur acurata delineatio Autore Iacobo Castaldo Pedemontano. Gerardus de Iode excudebat.
  1578 (undated)     13 x 19.75 in (33.02 x 50.165 cm)     1 : 18000000


This is a flawless example of the rare 1578 first edition of Gerard De Jode's map of India, the East Indies, and the Philippines. It is broad in scope, including all of India, most of China, the Philippine Islands, and the Malay Peninsula. Singapore appears under the name 'Cingatola.'
De Jode adheres closely to his model, Gastaldi's extremely rare 1561 four-sheet Il Dísegno Della Terza Parte Dell' Asía. Gastaldi's mapping of China, informed by Portuguese missionary reports, was not materially improved until the 17th century Sino-Jesuit surveys. His mapping of South Asia was standard convention until the revelations of Jan van Linschoten's 1596 Itinerario. De Jode preserves Gastaldi's comments in the original Italian, such as a reference to a 'Salt lake in which beautiful pearls can be found' and that in northwestern China, 'Here oxen are as large as elephants, producing the finest wool more than sheep.' In the Lop Desert of central Asia ( Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region) it is noted that 'spirits give various deceptions so that wayfarers get lost in the desert.' The mapping of the Philippines and East Indies taps the travels of Magellan and Álvaro de Saavedra. An exploding volcano is pictured, marked 'Vulcan' based upon Ruy López de Villalobos' reports. A note accompanying the islands avers that in these islands are many kingdoms, namely Ternate, Titore and Bachian, Messana, Zubut and Zolo; in which islands can be found all sorts of spices and medicines.
A Scarce Imprint from the Second Modern Atlas
Gerard De Jode was a successful publisher well established in Antwerp by the 1560s, so much so that Abraham Ortelius' first maps were printed on De Jode's presses. In spite of this, the 1570 advent of Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum represented a challenge that De Jode does not seem to have been equal to. Gerard De Jode's atlas, Speculum Orbis Terrarum, did not appear until Ortelius's work was well established in the market. And while the execution of the De Jode maps was generally superior Ortelius', commercially it proved no match. Ortelius' diligent search for contemporary sources often outstripped De Jode's, and the well-connected Ortelius was able to stifle De Jode's output by successfully defending his privilege. Much of the stock of De Jode's 1578 edition was purchased by Ortelius and destroyed, to actively remove it from the market. Ortelius' atlas would run to approximately forty editions, while the elder De Jode was only able to produce one edition in his lifetime. His son Cornelis printed a sole updated edition of the work in 1593 which was nonetheless ineffective in breaking Ortelius' hammerlock on the market. As a result of Ortelius' success at the expense of the De Jodes, maps of the Speculum are as rare as they are important.
Publication History and Census
This map was engraved by Johannes and Lucas Doetecum for inclusion in the 1578 first edition of Gerard De Jode's Speculum Orbis Terrarum. Gerard's son Cornelis produced a second edition in 1593, unchanged but clearly distinguishable by the typography on the verso. 1578 examples are paginated in Roman numerals, whilst the 1593 used Arabic numerals. We see only two separate examples of the 1578 edition appearing in institutional collections: the Bayerische Staatsbibliotek and the Sachsische Landesbibliothek (seven examples of the 1593 are cataloged in OCLC. Six copies of the Speculum are so listed.


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