Battle of Fort Donelson.
1887 (dated) 19.5 x 25.5 in (49.53 x 64.77 cm)
This is an 1887 Kurz and Allison view of the American Civil War Battle of Fort Donelson in Tennessee. The view illustrates the Union Army of the Tennessee commanded by Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant (depicted on the left astride a horse) assaulting the Confederate stronghold at Fort Donalson.
The Battle of Fort Donalson
A major engagement in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, The Battle of Fort Donalson pitted an attacking Union force against a besieged Confederate force inside the fort. The battle was fought from February 12-16, 1862 and ended in a Union victory. Confederate forces, commanded by Brigadier General Gideon Johnson Pillow, unsuccessfully attempted to break out of the siege set by the Union Army of the Tennessee under the command of Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant. After three days of savage fighting, Union General Ulysses S. Grant, responding to a note from Confederate Brigadier General Simon Bolivar Buckner, stated that the only terms of surrender he would offer would be 'unconditional surrender'. Buckner, who had been third in command, but was made commander after generals Floyd and Pillow fled, accepted Grant's terms, and ended the battle.
The Union victory opened a path to Nashville, which was evacuated by Confederate forces on February 23, becoming the first Confederate capital to fall into Union hands. Grant was promoted to major general, making him the second-highest-ranking officer in the Union Army. Over 12,000 Confederate soldiers were captured at the surrender, as they had been unable to escape the siege, and most of Tennessee now fell under Union control, although it was not immune to Confederate invasion or periodic raids.
Kurz and Allison Civil War Lithographs
The publishing firm Kurz and Allison created a series of thirty-six battle scenes from the American Civil War in the late 1880s and early 1890s, of which this view is a part. At the time of their publication, remembrance of the Civil War was at an all-time high, as directly after the war everyone simply wanted to forget the carnage and horror of the previous four years. Kurz and Allison evidently wanted to capitalize on this sentiment. Although the Kurz and Allison views were not the first Civil War battle views to be published, they were by far the most popular. n a style reminiscent of Currier and Ives, Kurz and Allison lithographs not meant to be historical representations, and even, from time to time, included historical inaccuracies. Even so, 'prints depicting the Civil War battles by Kurz and Allison are among the most sought-after collectibles of Civil War enthusiasts.'
This view was published by Kurz and Allison in 1887.
Kurz and Allison (1880 - c. 1905) was an American publishing firm known for its chromolithographs. Founded by Louis Kurz (1835 - 1921) and Alexander Allison, the firm was based at 267-269 Wabash Avenue in Chicago. In the partnership, it is known that Kurz, an Austrian immigrant, was the lithographer and it is presumed that Allison provided the financial backing. The firm is most well-known for its series of thirty-six battle scenes from the American Civil War. At the time of their publication, the late 1880s and early 1890s, a general nostalgia was prevalent among Civil War veterans (of which Kurz was one), and evidently the company was trying to capitalize on the sentiment. Kurz and Allison's Civil War prints were not the first such prints to be issued, but they were by far the most popular. In a style reminiscent of Currier and Ives, Kurz and Allison lithographs are not meant to be historical representations, and even, from time to time, included historical inaccuracies. Even so, 'prints depicting the Civil War battles by Kurz and Allison are among the most sought-after collectibles of Civil War enthusiasts.' Their prints are also notable for featuring African-American soldiers, a rarity for the era. After the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, the firm published views from famous battles and continued doing so for the campaigns of the Philippine-American War and the Russo-Japanese War.
Good. Even overall toning. Closed margin tears professionally repaired on verso. Closed tear extending two inches in uper left quadrant of printed area professionally repaired on verso. Blank on verso.