La Guerre d'Hitler. Front de Mer.
42 x 33 in (106.68 x 83.82 cm)
1 : 1658000
This is a 1940 Bergelin propaganda map of the British Isles, northern France, and the North Sea at the beginning of World War II (1939 - 1945). The map details the British Isles, North Sea, and surrounding areas, focusing on shipping lands and the critically effort to keep British and continental shipping lanes and supply lines open. Since this broadside is French, published in Pairs, and anti-German, it can only predate the May 1940 German invasion of France.
Decoding the MapFocusing on the British Isles and the North Sea, orange highlights industrial areas, iron mines, coal regions, oil regions, and oil refineries in Britain, northern France, Belgium, and western Germany. Purple lines trace shipping routes between Britain and Germany. Orange circles mark the region's principal ports.
Wartime PropagandaText above and below describe international treaties Germany signed but no longer recognized. The blue text along the top a treaty stipulating that Germany would not deploy undersea mines without notifying shipping companies. The orange text describes how the Reich used such mines without notice. The blue text along the bottom references the Treaty of London on August 22, 1930 guaranteeing that no merchant ship would be sunk without first ensuring the safety of all passengers and crew. Hitler had pulled out of the treaty in August 1938. This time, the orange text described how, out of respect for international law, a British submarine did not sink the German ocean liner 'Bremen' in the North Sea. Historians postulate that this action may have delayed Germany's decision to unleash unrestricted submarine warfare in the Atlantic, thus delaying the critical Battle of the Atlantic.
The Battle of the AtlanticWinston Churchill, the British Prime Minister during World War II, claimed that the only part of the war that ever truly frightened him was the 'U-boat peril'. As the war in continental Europe raged, Britain was fighting for its very survival in the Atlantic. Churchill believed that Germany's best hope of winning the war was through destruction of Allied shipping. Between the fall of France in June 1940 and the end of that year, German U-boats, mines, and aircraft succeeded in sinking three million tons of Allied shipping. If Britain had been cut off from the rest of the world by Hitler's 'wolfpacks', the war surely would have turned out differently. Through Allied persistence and commitment, along with new technology, tactics, and intelligence efforts, the effectiveness of German U-boats gradually waned. The Battle of the Atlantic was never truly 'won' by either side, despite being one of the longest campaigns of the war. Between 75,000 and 85,000 Allied seamen perished while ferrying supplies across the Atlantic.
Publication History and CensusThis map was created by L. Bergelin, printed by Gaston Maillet, and published by A. Leconte in Paris in early 1940. We note two examples cataloged in OCLC, both the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. We note only two other instances when this piece has appeared on the private market.
L. Bergelin (fl. c. 1930 - c. 1972) was a French cartographer active during the mid-20th century. He produced school wall maps, world maps, and city plans, notably of Paris. From 1838, he also worked on the Peugeot road atlas beginning. More by this mapmaker...
A. Leconte (fl. 1880 - 1930) was a Paris based guidebook and map publisher active in the latter part of the 19th and early 20th centuries. He is one of the publishers of the attractive art nouveau style "Nouveau Paris Monumental" series. Leconte is often associated with L. Guilmin, another Paris based map publisher of the same period. Early in World War II (1939 - 1945) the firm published anti-German propaganda, but briefly shut down operations during the occupation. Leconte's name appears on maps and guidebooks of Paris well after his death (though we can't date this event with any precision) to about 1980. Learn More...
Gaston Maillet (c. 1910 – c. 1955) was a French printer and lithographer based in St. Ouen, Paris. Maillet is best known for his impressive chromolithographic travel posters and printed few maps. Learn More...
Good. Wear along original fold lines. Verso repairs to fold separations. Areas of infill at several fold intersections.
OCLC 494573672, 494475518.