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1868 Montserrat and Dolfuss Geological Map of Guatemala

GuatemalaVolcanoes-dollfus-1868
$1,800.00
Esquisse d'une Carte Géologique d'une partie des Républiques de Guatemala et de Salvador (Amérique Centrale). - Main View
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1868 Montserrat and Dolfuss Geological Map of Guatemala

GuatemalaVolcanoes-dollfus-1868

Rare Geological map of Guatemala!

SOLD

Title


Esquisse d'une Carte Géologique d'une partie des Républiques de Guatemala et de Salvador (Amérique Centrale).
  1868 (undated)     20.5 x 27.5 in (52.07 x 69.85 cm)     1 : 761000

Description


A stunning 1868 large format geological map of Guatemala and El Salvador by Auguste Dollfus and Eugène de Montserrat. The map covers from the Bay of Honduras to the Pacific and from roughly modern-day Port Chiapas, to the Gulf of Fonseca. Color coding illustrates geographical features with an emphasis on volcanic activity (red), and drainage systems (yellow). This is the most comprehensive study of Central American geology of the 19th century. It was compiled in conjunction with the Commission Scientifique du Mexique, the scientific arm of the Napoleon III's French Intervention in Mexico (1862 - 1867).
Commission Scientifique du Mexique
The Commission Scientifique du Mexique was a scientific collaboration between French and Mexican researchers that took place during the French Intervention in Mexico between 1864 to 1867. Napoleon III saw the expedition as a noble gesture in the model of similar scientific expeditions that accompanied the French invasion of Egypt during the Napoleonic Era. Although considered by most to be a failure, the Commission did successfully foster the development of arts and sciences in Mexico and yielded significant scientific research.
Publication History and Census
This map was published to accompany Dollfus and Montserrat's Voyage Géologique dans les Républiques de Guatemala et de Salvador, a sophisticated and comprehensive study of Central American volcanic activity. The map was engraved in Paris by Georges Erhard Schièble and printed by Monrocq Frères. Today this map and the corresponding work are extremely rare. We have identified only one example of the map in an institutional collection, at the Sorbonne.

CartographerS


Eugène de Montserrat (September 14, 1840 - March 21, 1917) was a Swiss-French engineer and geologist active in the middle part of the 19th century. Montserrat was born in Geneva. He studied at the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures French Expeditionary Force's Commission Scientifique du Mexique, as a 'geological traveler more specifically in charge of the study of volcanic formations.' Along with fellow geologist Auguste Dollfus he traveled throughout Mexico, Guatemala, and Salvador climbing mountains, studying the region's unique geological makeup, and making detailed maps. Learn More...


Auguste Dollfus (March 30, 1840 - July 3, 1869) was a French geologist and naturalist active in Central America during the middle part of the 19th century. The son of a wealthy ship owner of La Havre, Dollfus was well traveled, and even as a child visited Europe, North Africa, Constantinople, Palestine and Egypt. In 1861he began studying at the École des Mines de Paris and, upon graduating, took a position with the French Expeditionary Force's Commission Scientifique du Mexique as a 'traveling photographer and paleontologist.' Along with fellow Geologist Eugène de Montserrat he traveled throughout Mexico, Guatemala, and Salvador climbing mountains, studying the region's unique geological makeup, and making detailed maps. He returned to Paris in 1867 to compile his research, which earned him a French Legion of Honor, but unfortunately, illnesses (Malaria?) contracted in Central America led to an untimely demise in 1869. He was just 29 years old. Learn More...


Georges Erhard Schièble (1823 – November 23, 1880) was a German printer active in Paris during the middle to late 19th century. Erhard was born in Forchheim, Baden-Württemberg, and relocated to Paris in his 16th year, where he apprenticed under his cousin, an engraver and mapmaker. In 1852, after 6 years with the Royal Printing Office, he started his own business. Around this time he also became a naturalized French citizen. From his offices on Rue Bonaparte, he produced several important maps, and a detailed topography of Gual for Napoleon III's History of Julius Caesar. In 1865 he took on larger offices expanding his operations to include a lithographic press. He was among the first to introduce printed color maps and pioneered photo-reduction, including the process known as Erhard reproduction. After Erhard's death in 1880, the firm was taken over by his sons and run under the imprint of 'Erhard Frères' until 1911. Learn More...

Condition


Very good condition. Original fold lines. Two very minor margin tears repaired on verso.

References


OCLC 40399415.