Hawaiian Islands Hawaii.
1944 (dated) 39.5 x 34.5 in (100.33 x 87.63 cm)
1 : 252000
This is a 1944 U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey map of Hawaii - the largest island in the Hawaiian Archipelago. The map depicts the entire island of Hawaii and the southern third of the island of Maui. Hawaii and Maui are illustrated in incredible detail, with myriad rivers and streams depicted and labeled, along with mountains (with their elevations), lava flows, and other geological formations. Numerous cities and towns are labeled, including Kailua and Hilo. Roads and railroads are also presented. Notations are included near certain towns, informing the user that a chart is available for that bay or harbor and giving the number. Innumerable depth soundings are given in fathoms. Notes on abbreviations are included in the upper right hand corner.
As this map was produced in 1944, there are two indications that it was produced during World War II. One is that it is clearly marked RESTRICTED along the bottom border, and the other it a notation along the bottom margin stating, 'Warning: Aids to Navigation may be altered, interrupted or removed without notice. In general, temporary changes due to war conditions are not incorporated on the chart.' Also, even though the map is marked RESTRICTED, it still bears the ' Price 75 Cents' label in both the upper left and lower right corners.
This chart was produced by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey when L.O. Colbert was the Director. It is chart number 4115 and notations are included concerning with which chart it joins.
The Office of the Coast Survey, founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The spirit of the Coast Survey was defined by its first two superintendents. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. These included using the most advanced techniques and most sophisticated equipment as well as an unstinting attention to detail. Hassler devised a labor intensive triangulation system whereby the entire coast was divided into a series of enormous triangles. These were in turn subdivided into smaller triangulation units that were then individually surveyed. Employing this exacting technique on such a massive scale had never before been attempted. Consequently, Hassler and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Unfortunately, despite being a masterful surveyor, Hassler was abrasive and politically unpopular, twice losing congressional funding for the Coast Survey. Nonetheless, Hassler led the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Bache was fully dedicated to the principles established by Hassler, but proved more politically astute and successfully lobbied Congress to liberally fund the endeavor. Under the leadership of A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey completed its most important work. Moreover, during his long tenure with the Coast Survey, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was a steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA as the National Geodetic Survey.
Very good. Wear along margins. Verso repairs to fold separations. Light foxing. Blank on verso.