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1827 Finley Map of Illinois

Illinois-finley-1827
$350.00
Illinois.
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1827 Finley Map of Illinois

Illinois-finley-1827

Important American Indian westward migration map.

SOLD

Title


Illinois.
  1827 (undated)    11.5 x 9 in (29.21 x 22.86 cm)

Description


A beautiful example of Finley's important 1827 map of Illinois. Depicts the state with moderate detail in Finley's classic minimalist style. Shows rivers, roads, canals, and some topographical features. Offers color coding at the county level. Title and scale in lower left quadrant.

Finley's map of Illinois is particularly interesting and important due to its portrayal of the rapidly changing American Indian situation in the northern part of the state. In 1827 northern Illinois was a confined territory assigned to Sac & Fox, Ottowa, and Winnebago Indians. It is interesting to note the commercial interests of European settlers divides the otherwise singular American Indian lands to provide river access to Chicago and Lake Michigan. Within a few short years of this map's construction, most of these tribes were forcibly removed to the Indian Territory or Oklahoma. This map was updated yearly from 1824 to the mid-1830s. A full series of these maps is a powerful illustration of both the American Indian relocations and the Westward Expansion.

Engraved by Young and Delleker for the 1827 edition of Anthony Finley's General Atlas.

Cartographer


Anthony Finley (August 25, 1784 - June 9, 1836) was an American book and map publisher based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Finley was born in Philadelphia in 1874. He opened a bookshop and publishing house at the Northeast corner of Fourth and Chestnut Street, Philadelphia in 1809. His earliest known catalog, listing botanical, medical and other scientific works, appeared in 1811. His first maps, engraved for Daniel Edward Clarke’s Travels in Various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa also appear in 1811. His first atlas, the Atlas Classica, was published in 1818. He soon thereafter published the more significant A New American Atlas and the New General Atlas…, both going through several editions from 1824 to 1834. Although most of Finley's cartographic material was borrowed from European sources, his atlases were much admired and favorably reviewed. In addition to his work as a printer, Finley ran unsuccessfully on the 1818 Democratic ticket for Philadelphia Common Council. He was also a founding officer of the Philadelphia Apprentices’ Library, and a member of both the American Sunday-School Union and the Franklin Institute. Finely was active as a publisher until his 1836 death, apparently of a 'lingering illness.' Shortly thereafter advertisements began appearing for his map business and plates, most of which were acquired by Samuel Augustus Mitchell.

Source


Finley, Anthony, A New General Atlas, Comprising a Complete Set of Maps, representing the Grand Divisions of the Globe, Together with the several Empires, Kingdoms and States in the World; Compiled from the Best Authorities, and corrected by the Most Recent Discoveries, Philadelphia, 1827.    

Condition


Very good condition. Original pressmark. Blank on verso.

References


Rumsey 0285.027 (1831 edition). Phillips (Atlases) 4314, 760, 752, 6045.
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