Iconic wall sized map of India chronicling the British military campaign in the subcontinent against Tipu Sultan of Mysore.
40 x 33 in (101.6 x 83.82 cm)
1 : 1300000
This is Faden's magnificent mapping of the Indian subcontinent, one of the largest and most impressive maps of India to appear in the 18th century. Highly desirable third edition. Presented in two panels, as issued. This chart depicts the subcontinent from Bombay (Mumbai) and Aurangabad, south to include the northern half of Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Color coded according to political territory, noting British Possessions (red), the territory claimed by the independent holdout Rajah of Mysore (Purple), the Marhatta Countries (Green), the Nizam Dominions (Orange), the Carnatick (Yellow), and the Travancore (Blue). Includes the routes of various military marches and campaigns relating to the British conquest of India, including the 1784 March of British Prisoners from Condapoor to Madras, the March of the Marquis of Cornwallis, the March of General Medows, and the March of General Abercromby. Also shows the acquisitions of the British through the Partition Treaty of 1792. This map was engraved by R. Baker and printed in by William Faden, 'Royal Geographer to the King and to the Prince of Wales.' The whole is masterfully presented in visually stunning almost three dimensional engraving and stunning period color. A must for any serious collection of South Asia maps. Compiled from papers communicated by the late Sir Archibald Campbell, the surveys of Col. Kelly, Capt. Pringle, Capt. Allan, etc.
William Faden (July 11, 1749 - March 21, 1836) was a Scottish cartographer and map publisher of the late 18th century. Faden was born in London. His father, William MacFaden, was a well-known London printer and publisher of The Literary Magazine. During the Jacobite Rebellion (1745 - 1746), MacFaden changed his family name to Faden, to avoid anti-Scottish sentiment. Faden apprenticed under the engraver James Wigley (1700 - 1782), attaining his freedom in 1771 - in the same year that Thomas Jefferys Sr. died. While Thomas Jefferys Sr. was an important and masterful mapmaker, he was a terrible businessman and his son, Jefferys Jr. had little interest building on his father's legacy. MacFaden, perhaps recognizing an opportunity, acquired his son a partnership in the Jefferys firm, which subsequently traded as 'Faden and Jefferys'. Jefferys Jr. also inherited Jefferys Sr. title, 'Geographer to the King and to the Prince of Wales'. With little interest in cartography or map publishing Jefferys Jr. increasingly took a back seat to Faden, withdrawing completely from day-to-day management, although retaining his finical stake, by 1776. The American Revolutionary War (1775 - 1783) proved to be a boomtime for the young 'Geographer to the King', who leveraged existing materials and unpublished manuscript maps to which he had access via his official appointment, to publish a wealth of important maps, both for official wartime use and for the curious public. This period of prosperity laid financial underpinning for Faden, who by 1783, at the end of the war, acquired full ownership of the firm and removed the Jefferys imprint. In 1801, he engraved and published the first maps for the British Ordnance SurveyBy 1822, Faden published over 350 maps, atlases, and military plans. He retired in 1823, selling his places to James Wyld Sr. Faden died in 1836.
Faden, W., General Atlas, 1800.
Very good, near fine, example. Original centerfold. Extremely light offsetting. A couple of minor spots to the outer margins. A couple of period notations regarding the colonial activity in the region, some in pen, some in pencil. In two panels, as issued, but can be joined upon request.
Rumsey 2104.047, 2104.048. Phillips (atlases) 6010, 6013, 6047. National Library of Australia, MAP RM 1792. Rennell, James, Memoir of a Map of Hindoostan; or the Mogul Empire, London, 1792. Edney, M. H., Mapping an Empire: The Geographical Fonstruction of British India, 1765-1843.