Plat of the northern boundary line of the state of Indiana : surveyed in conformity to the Act of Contress, 'To authorize the President of the United States to ascertain and designate the northern boundary of the state of Indiana: passed March 2nd, 1827.
1827 (dated) 9.5 x 31.5 in (24.13 x 80.01 cm)
1 : 309000
This is a scarce 1827 Eleazer P. Kendrick map drawn to determine the Indiana-Michigan border. The map extends from Lake Michigan to Ohio and covers territory approximately 20 miles from north to south. When Michigan territory was established in 1805 its southern border, along with that of Ohio, was aligned with the southern limit of Lake Michigan. When Indiana became a state in 1816 the border was moved 10 miles north so that Indiana could have direct access to Lake Michigan.
This naturally led to some confusion. The Virginia Military District Deputy Surveyor, Eleazer P. Kendrick, was assigned the job of formally surveying the border. Starting 10 miles north of the southern tip of Lake Michigan, Kendrick extended the survey east to just behind the Ohio border. To define the border he hammered 105 large wooden stakes into the earth at mile intervals. In time, most of these stakes degraded or were lost, leaving the exact line in doubt. Today a new Indiana-Michigan Boundary Commission has formed with at 500,000 USD grant to resurvey the lost border and once and for all resolve the 183-year-old dilemma.
This map was printed to accompany the documents for the 20th congress, 1st secession, 1828.
Eleazer Porter Kendrick (September 15, 1790 - April 30, 1885) was an American surveyor and mapmaker active in the early to middle parts of the 19th century. Kendrick was born in Hanover, New Hampshire, the son of Sargent Samuel Kendrick and his wife Anna Kendrick. He grew up on a farm, working the fields in the summer and attending the Hanover Moore School, then primarily an American Indian school, in the winter. He also studied English grammar under the Rev. Dr. Eden Burroughs. He began teaching at country schools when he was 18 and eventually, on a recommendation from his brother, the lawyer Samuel Kendrick, took work at an exclusive boarding school. In 1819 he emigrated to Ohio to start a boot shop with his brother Thomas Kendrick. This business failed in 1821. Afterwards, in partnership with Allen Latham, the Surveyor-General of the Virginia Military District and a Dartmouth graduate who knew Kendrick's family from Hanover, he began to purchase lands in the Virginia Military District. At this time, under Latham, he also began to learn surveying. Proving a meticulous surveyor, he served as Latham's deputy. In 1827 he was called on to survey the Indian-Michigan boundary line. Afterwards he settled in Chillicothe where he was elected county surveyor on the democratic ticket. Under the presidency of Andrew Jackson, he was appointed postmaster of Chillicohe. When his appointment was superseded by an appointee under President Harrison, Kendrick took Latham's former job as Surveyor-General of the Virginia Military District. Kendrick was also a Freemason with the rank of Knight Templar. With his wife, Mary Cissna Beard, Kendrick, he had seven children, including a son, Samuel, who became a notable civil engineer.
Very good. Slight wear on original fold lines. Light toning.