Carte Particuliere d'une Partie d'Asie ou sont Les Isles D'Andemaon, Ceylan, Les Maldives.../ Partie Occidentale d'une D'Asie ou sont les Isles De Zocotora De l'Amirante...
23.5 x 34.5 in (59.69 x 87.63 cm)
1 : 7286400
This is a superb, original-color example of Pierre Mortier's 1700 chart and map of the Indian Ocean. This grand, two-sheet engraving also maps the surrounding lands of eastern Africa, Arabia, Persia, India, and the Malay Peninsula. Countless islands include the Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra. As indicated by the presence of two separate cartouches, the two sheets could also be had as separate works: however, in Mortier's mammoth Neptune François they were frequently bound joined, as here.
A Closer LookThe center of the map is dominated by the Mughal Empire, and many kingdoms of southern India are distinguished. To the east, the Kingdoms of Siam, Mataban, Pegu, and Tibet can be found. The western portion of the map foregrounds the Persian Safavid Empire. In the Arabian Peninsula (Arabie Heureuse) and Yemen (Grand Jaman) are recognizable. Mecca, Medina, and other key cities are also shown. The work's elegant engraving artfully balances the inland detail with rhumb lines and compass roses in the water areas of the work. Inland topographical features are indicated pictorially.
A Last HurrahThe seventeenth century had been characterized by Dutch domination of these waters, the East India Company having wrested control of them from the Portuguese in the first part of the century. By 1700, the Dutch hegemony in Asia was increasingly challenged by English, French, and even the Danish. Over the course of the 18th century India, especially, fell within the English sphere of influence. Consequently, future advances in the mapping and charting of these regions were carried out by English and French hydrographers.
Publication History and CensusThis map was engraved by Pierre Mortier in 1700 for inclusion in hisNeptune François. The map is well represented institutionally and appears occasionally on the market.
Pierre Mortier (January 26, 1661 - February 18, 1711) or Pieter Mortier was a cartographer, engraver, and print seller active in Amsterdam during the later 17th and early 18th centuries. Mortier, then known as Pieter, was born in Leiden. He relocated to Paris from 1681 to 1685, adopting the French name Pierre, which he retained throughout his career. While in France, he developed deep French connections by bringing sophisticated Dutch printing technology and experience to nascent French map publishers such as Guillaume De L'Isle (1675 - 1726), Alexis-Hubert Jaillot (c. 1632 - 1712), and Nicholas de Fer (1646 - 1720). Consequently, much of Mortier's business was built upon issuing embellished high quality editions of contemporary French maps - generally with the permissions of their original authors. In the greater context of global cartography, this was a significant advantage as most Dutch map publishes had, at this point, fallen into the miasma of reprinting their own outdated works. By contrast, the cartographers of France were producing the most accurate and up to date charts anywhere. Mortier's cartographic work culminated in the magnificent nautical atlas, Le Neptune Francois. He was awarded the Privilege, an early form of copyright, in 1690. Upon Pierre's death in 1711 this business was inherited by his widow. In 1721, his son Cornelius Mortier took over the day to day operation of the firm. Cornelius partnered with his brother-in-law Jean Covens to form one of history's great cartographic partnerships - Covens and Mortier - which continued to publish maps and atlases until about 1866.
Mortier, P., Suite de Neptune François, ou atlas nouveau des cartes marines, (Amsterdam: P. Mortier) 1700.
Excellent. Full margins and original outline color.
OCLC 1028536685. Tibbetts, G. R., Arabia in Early Maps #164.