Insulae Divi Martini et Uliarus, Vulgo l’Isle de Re et Oleron.
1649 (undated) 15.5 x 21 in (39.37 x 53.34 cm)
1 : 170000
An exquisite 1649 Blaeu map of the La Rochelle region of western coastal France, including the Isle de Re and the Isle de Oleron. The centrally depicted, largely Protestant city of La Rochelle was a port of prime importance for Atlantic exploration and trade until the religious wars of the 17th century. The east-oriented map shows coastal forts, roads, wetlands and salt plains. In many respects it also resembles a chart, with rhumb lines, three fine compass roses, and navigational hazards such as shallows marked. The map's rich decoration alludes to the region's maritime importance, with nineteen ships, a sea monster, and a beautiful cartouche portraying a mermaid nursing a mer-infant. The quality of the engraving is typical of the superb standard set by the younger Blaeu, this example being embellished with delicate contemporary color.
Publication History This is one of the maps added by Johannes Blaeu to the Atlas Novus after his inheritance of his father's business; consequently it is scarcer than many of the maps produced for the Blaeu atlases.
Joan (Johannes) Blaeu (September 23, 1596 - December 21, 1673) was a Dutch cartographer active in the 17th century. Joan was the son of Willem Janszoon Blaeu, founder of the Blaeu firm. Like his father Willem, Johannes was born in Alkmaar, North Holland. He studied Law, attaining a doctorate, before moving to Amsterdam to join the family mapmaking business. In 1633, Willem arranged for Johannes to take over Hessel Gerritsz's position as the official chartmaker of the Dutch East India Company, although little is known of his work for that organization, which was by contract and oath secretive. What is known is his work supplying the fabulously wealthy VOC with charts was exceedingly profitable. Where other cartographers often fell into financial ruin, the Blaeu firm thrived. It was most likely those profits that allowed the firm to publish the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, sive, Atlas Novus, their most significant and best-known publication. When Willem Blaeu died in 1638, Johannes, along with his brother Cornelius Blaeu (1616 - 1648) took over the management of the Blaeu firm. In 1662, Joan and Cornelius produced a vastly expanded and updated work, the Atlas Novus, whose handful of editions ranged from 9 to an astonishing 12 volumes. Under the brothers' capable management, the firm continued to prosper until the 1672 Great Amsterdam Fire destroyed their offices and most of their printing plates. Johannes Blaeu, witnessing the destruction of his life's work, died in despondence the following year. He is buried in the Dutch Reformist cemetery of Westerkerk. Johannes Blaeu was survived by his son, also Johannes but commonly called Joan II, who inherited the family's VOC contract, for whom he compiled maps until 1712.
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, sive Atlas Novus Blaeu, W., Blaeu, J.
In 1662 Joan Blaeu published his masterwork, which has been described as 'the greatest and finest atlas ever published' (Verwey, 1952): his monumental, eleven-volume Atlas Maior. This contained nearly six hundred maps, more than two hundred in excess of the Blaeus' mainstay the Atlas Novus. The former work already being renowned for the quality and beauty of its maps, Blaeu not only would add copious material but would improve the sophistication of his work: many of the newly-added maps utilized larger-sized presses and sheets, and the artistry applied to the engravings was often far superior to that of the earlier maps in the atlas - many of which by now were thirty, and some more than fifty years old. Blaeu's Atlas Maior was published from 1662 to 1672, consisting of some 594 maps compiled into upwards of 9 volumes with some editions containing as many as 12 volumes. This triumphant work's publishing life was cut violently short when, in 1672, the Blaeu's mammoth workshop was destroyed by fire; surviving stock would be sold at auction between 1674 and 1677, occasionally appearing under the imprint of later Dutch printers such as Pieter Schenk and Pieter Mortier. The maps added to the Atlas Maior, owing to their tragically short publishing life, are among the hardest-to-find of the Blaeu maps.
Very good. Uniformly toned. Some marginal mends not affecting printed image.