Map of Lake Winnipesaukee and Vicinity Reached by Boston and Maine R.R. and Steamer Mt. Washington.
16 x 11.25 in (40.64 x 28.575 cm)
1 : 133000
This is an 1899 Rand Avery Supply Company and Boston and Maine Railroad map of Lake Winnipesaukee. Lake Winnipesaukee - in Abenaki 'smile of the Great Spirit' or 'beautiful water in a high place' - is the largest lake in New Hampshire and a popular resort area. Thick black lines trace the Boston and Maine Railroad's lines throughout. Dashed lines follow the course of the MS Mount Washington, a mail steamer operated by the Boston and Maine from 1872. The rival Eastern Railroad extended its services into Wolfeboro (Wolfeborough) in 1872. We speculate: given that the Boston and Maine started operating the MS Mount Washington that year, it is likely that the Boston and Maine leased the trackage from Eastern pending formal acquisition of the railroad in 1884.
Boston and Maine RailroadCommonly known as the 'B and M', the Boston and Maine Railroad was chartered in New Hampshire on June 27, 1835. The firm consolidated several smaller companies, including the Andover and Haverhill Railroad and later the Boston and Portland Railroad. It merged with the Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts Railroad in 1842, but retained the Boston and Maine operating name. In the subsequent decades it acquired or leased several other railroads, including the Boston and Lowell (1887), Northern (1884), Connecticut River (1893), Concord and Montreal (1887), and Fitchburg (1900). In 1910 it was acquired by J. P. Morgan and his New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. The firm initially prospered on the development of mill towns throughout New England and later capitalized on tourism from urban centers in Boston and New York. Nonetheless, the railroad went through a decline during the Great Depression and subsequently, when most of the old textile mills closed. Part of the Boston and Maine network remain in operation today under the Pan Am Railways (PAS) brand.
Publication History and CensusThis map was created by the Rand Avery Supply Company and published by the Passenger Department of the Boston and Maine Railroad in the 1899 second edition of Boston and Maine Railroad. Summer Excursions to the White Mountains, Mount Desert, Montreal and Quebec, Winnepesaukee, Memphremagag, Rangleley and Moosehead Lakes, and the New England Beaches. Routes, Rates, Maps, Hotel and Boarding-House List, etc., etc. Two examples of the map are cataloged in OCLC as part of the institutional collections at Harvard University and Dartmouth College. Scarce to the market.
Rand, Avery, and Company (1851 – 1886) was a Boston based book and map printers active in the late 19th century. The company was founded in 1851 by George Curtis Rand (December 13, 1819 – December 30, 1878) and his brother in law Abraham Avery (November 15, 1824 - April 3, 1893). George C. Rand was a brother to William H. Rand of Rand, McNally, and Company of Chicago. George C. Rand was born in Woodstock, Vermont, to Baptist minister John Rand (1781 – 1855) and his wife. Rand began working in the printing industry from at least the 1840s, wherein he mostly produced religious tracts. He married Julia Avery in 1851 and brought his brother-in-law, Abraham Avery, into the business, renaming the firm Rand, Avery, and Company. Avery was born in Wibraham, Massachusetts and studied at Wesleyan University, which his father helped to found. Rand, Avery, and Company was based in Cornhill, Boston, and was, for a time, they were the largest printers in New England. Such works as Uncle Tom's Cabin were included in their catalog. Avery retired when Rand died in 1878, but the firm continued to publish under another generation of managers, including Rand's son, Avery L. Rand, until at least 1886. They also took on a fourth partner, Orrin F. Frye, and published as Rand, Avery and Frye. After retiring Avery moved to Los Angeles where he died in 1893. It appears that this firm also published under the name the Rand Avery Supply Company. Learn More...
Boston and Maine Railroad. Summer Excursions to the White Mountains, Mount Desert, Montreal and Quebec, Winnepesaukee, Memphremagag, Rangleley and Moosehead Lakes, and the New England Beaches. Routes, Rates, Maps, Hotel and Boarding-House List, etc., etc., Second Edition, (Boston: Passenger Department, Boston and Maine Railroad), 1899.
Very good. Backed on archival tissue for stability. Top margin extended in right quadrant. Blank on verso.