1762 Jonas Hanway Map of Northern Europe

The Author's Routs from London as far as Zaritzen and back through Russia Germany and Holland. - Main View

1762 Jonas Hanway Map of Northern Europe


Trade routes between London and Russia.


The Author's Routs from London as far as Zaritzen and back through Russia Germany and Holland.
  1753 (dated)     6.5 x 19.5 in (16.51 x 49.53 cm)     1 : 7133650


This is an example of John Gibson's rare map of Northern Europe, engraved in 1753 to accompany Jonas Hanway's account of his journey from Russia to Persia. It shows the track Hanway took in 1743 to northern Persia via Russia, as well as his return in 1750 via Germany and the Netherlands. Although its intent is simply to visually support Hanway's narrative, it highlights the important trade routes of Northern Europe between Britain and the East.
Traveler's Tracks
Hanway's journey from England to Russia was by sea: his track passed through the Baltic to Riga, and then by land to St. Petersburg; from there, he traveled by land to Moscow, and then to Tsaritsyn (Zaritzen, later Stalingrad, now Volgograd). Tsaritsyn was Hanway's jumping-off point into the Caspian region and the Iranian frontier, and it was there he began retracing his steps.

Hanway's return journey doubled back on his outward voyage until he reached St. Petersburg; from there, he had a seasick voyage to Talinn, then known as Reval / Revel. He continued, unhappily, by sea to Danzig (Gdansk.) There, Hanway says in his journals, 'After a stormy night and extreme sea sickness, I took my leave of the ship with great satisfaction, in order to pursue my journey by land.' Thus from Gdansk we see Hanway's somewhat meandering journey to Berlin, Dresden, Leipzig, Hamburg, Bremen, Amsterdam, The Hague, and finally back to London.
Elegantly Presented
Gibson's engraving is beautifully executed, embellished with a fine compass rose and a delicate floral cartouche.
Publication History and Census
The map was engraved by John Gibson in 1753 for inclusion in Jonas Hanway's An Historical Account of the British Trade over the Caspian Sea. We are aware of three editions of the work; this example appeared in the third. It is distinguishable from the early editions only by the typeset pagination in the upper border. We see eight examples of the complete work in institutional collections. We see only two examples of this map catalogued in OCLC, in the 1753 and 1754 issues respectively, at the National Libraries of Israel and Scotland.


Jonas Hanway (August 12, 1712 - September 5, 1786), was an English philanthropist, traveller, and writer. He was apprenticed in 1729 to a merchant in Lisbon, but in 1743 he became partner to merchant and member of the British Russia Company Robert Dingley (1710 - 1780) who was based in St. Petersburg. This led to the travels in Russia, Central Asia, and Persia which would inform Hanway's (copious) writing on the topic of British trade in the Caspian Sea, which would earn him the attentions of scholar Charles Wilson who hailed him 'one of the most indefatigable and splendid bores of English history.' On his return to London his narrative brought him some fame and success, and thereafter he remained in the city devoted to good causes and good citizenship. He founded The Marine Society in 1756 (a charity supporting inland youths wishing to go to sea.) He was instrumental in the aid of various hospitals; arranged improvements in Londons's birth registration system; and in 1762 he was appointed a commissioner for victualling the navy. Hanway was an eccentric and a gadfly. He protested, voluminously, the English practice of tea drinking, both on the grounds of its effect on the health and on the balance of foreign trade. He was the first male Londoner to carry an umbrella. This shocking move drew the opprobrium of fellow Londoners who objected to the effeminate, French contraption, and the ire of hansom cab drivers who quite correctly identified the invention as a threat to their trade (rainstorms caused Londoners to flock to hansom cabs as a sheltered means of transport.) He died unmarried. A monument to his memory stands in Westminster Abbey, praising his works of charity. It discusses neither umbrellas nor tea. More by this mapmaker...

John Gibson (1724 – 1773) was an English map engraver active in London at the end of the 18th century. Gibson was the son of a locksmith. In 1739 he apprenticed to John Blundell as a stationer of Grub Street. Gibson proved a fine engraver and was much in demand by London map publishers. During his career he produced thousands of maps and was admired as a skilled engraver and sculptor. Among others, he engraved for Emanuel Bowen, Robert Sayer, Jean Palairet, John Rocque, Andrew Dury, and Benjamin Martin. His best known work was prepared in conjunction with Gentleman's Magazine. Gibson, sadly, was not as astute in his fiscal affairs as with the engravers pen and consequently spent much of his life consigned to debtor's prison. Learn More...


Hanway, Jonas, An Historical Account of the British Trade over the Caspian Sea with the Author's Journal of Travels from England through Russia into Persia; and back through Russia, Germany and Holland, (London) 3rd Edition, 1762.    


Very good. Faint offsetting, else excellent.


OCLC 243591635 (1753).