Map of Long Island, New York showing Locations of Wells.
1904 (dated) 26.5 x 62 in (67.31 x 157.48 cm)
1 : 125000
A remarkable and uncommon large format map of Long Island issued in 1904 by the U.S. Geological Survey. The map covers the whole of Long Island as well as adjacent parts of New York City and the continental coastline west of Bridgeport, Connecticut. This map was prepared from data collected by A. C. Veatch and Isaiah Bowman in 1903 to illustrate water wells, pumping stations, and other waterworks throughout Long Island. It was engraved and published by Julius Bien, a well-known government and commercial printer based in New York City. The map was published in a vaguely titled government document referenced as 'Professional Paper no. 44.' This map is somewhat uncommon, with only 1 auction record in the past 10 years and just 5 specific institutional entries in the OCLC.
The Office of the Coast Survey (later the U.S. Geodetic Survey), founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. Hassler, and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Hassler lead the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Under the leadership A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey did most of its most important work. During his Superintendence, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS or USGS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA.
Joseph R. Bien was a topographer and an engineer working the later part of the 19th century. His name appears a number of state and regional atlases, including the important 1895 Atlas of New York. Most of Joseph Bien's work was published in conjunction with the New York Lithographing, Engraving & Printing Company, which was founded by Julius Bien. Joseph was almost certainly related to Julien, though whether he was a son, cousin, or brother, remains unknown.
Professional Paper No. 44 (U.S. Geological Survey), 1905.
Very good. Minor wear on original fold lines. Else clean. Backed with archival tissue.