1909 Bureau of Soils Map of Marianna and Environs, Florida

Soil map, Florida, Marianna sheet. - Main View

1909 Bureau of Soils Map of Marianna and Environs, Florida


On the border with 'Bama.


Soil map, Florida, Marianna sheet.
  1909 (dated)     30.75 x 35.25 in (78.105 x 89.535 cm)     1 : 63360


A large-format 1909 soil map of the region around Marianna in Jackson County, Florida, one of the state's northernmost counties.
A Closer Look
Situated on the border with Alabama, Marianna is the seat of Jackson County. Coverage includes the western half of the county, up to the Chipola River at top, then south of a line formed by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. Like much of the rest of the Florida Panhandle, the area was historically sparsely populated. Also, like much of the Panhandle, the soils present in the area are primarily sandy.

Along with Marianna, at right, scattered towns appear, as well as roads, railroads, and little black squares indicating individual properties. Rivers, lakes, and other waterways are also noted. Most prominently, of course, are the various types of soil indicated by shading and by symbols and identified in the legend at bottom-left.
Publication History and Census
This map was produced by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Bureau of Soils in 1909 and appeared in the Bureau's 1910 publication Soil survey of the Marianna Area, Florida (OCLC 32361655). Brigham Young University, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, the University of Chicago, the University of South Florida, and the Touchton Map Library at the Tampa Bay History Center catalog the map independently, while ten institutions list the entire Soil survey publication among their holdings.


Milton Whitney (1860 - November 11, 1927) was a soil surveyor and the inaugural Chief of the Division of Agricultural Soil in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Weather Bureau, the predecessor to the Bureau of Soils (which has itself evolved into today's National Cooperative Soil Survey). Beginning his career as a Professor of Geology and Soil Physics at the Maryland Agricultural College, Whitney took unconventional stances, proven to be correct with time, that gained him attention in the field and made him a logical choice to lead the USDA's soil bureau when it was established in 1894. He continued to publish research and propose innovative solutions to vexing problems, some of which proved to be inaccurate but led other researchers to test similar theories on soils that were eventually vindicated. More by this mapmaker...

August Hoen and Company (fl. c. 1840 - 1981) was a Baltimore based engraving and lithography firm active in the middle part of the 19th century. A. Hoen & Co. was originally founded by Edward Weber under the name 'E. Weber & Company. Weber died in the early 1850s and his company was taken over by German immigrant August Hoen (18?? - 1886) and his brothers, Henry and Ernest Hoen. As general interest lithographers, the Hoen firm's corpus includes posters, cigar boxes, sheet music covers, and posters as well as maps. They are best known for their pioneering multi-color lithographic techniques. After the death of August Hoen, the business passed on to his son, Albert Hoen. Another son, Earnest A. Hoen, moved to Richmond, Virginia and opened a branch of the firm there where he was granted a charter to produce Civil War era Confederate Currency. Their contributions to the cartographic field are generally in association with engraving and printing work done for Jacob Monk and the U.S. Geological Survey. The Hoen family maintained an active interest in the firm for the next 100 years or so until it finally filed for bankruptcy in 1981. Learn More...


Jones, Grove B. et al, Soil survey of Marianna Area, Florida, (Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office) 1910.    


Very good. Slight creasing along fold lines. Offsetting at top.


OCLC 69249717. Touchton Map Library L2018.105.088.