United States - East Coast Florida Miami Harbor. No. 547.
1938 (dated) 28 x 45 in (71.12 x 114.3 cm)
1 : 10000
This is a scarce 1936 U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey nautical chart or maritime map of Miami South Beach. This map is unusual in that it covers the southern portion of Miami Beach from about 24th Street, currently called South Beach, an ultra-hip resort area. The full coverage is from NE 24th Street in Miami proper to Virginia Key and from Miami Beach 24th Street to Point View. It covers the extremely wealthy Islands in Biscayne Bay, including the Venetian Islands (Belle I., Rivo Alto, Di Lido, San Marino, San Marco, and Causeway Island) as well as Hibiscus Island, Palm Island, Star Island, and Fisher Island, among others. It is primarily a nautical chart without countless depth soundings, pipeline areas, and deep-water channels identified. Still, there is some interesting inland detail. Most of the major streets are shown, if not labeled. Also noted are a number of Miami Beach's important early hotels, but they are not identified by their proper names, rather by descriptions of what might be seen from sea. For example, the Flamingo Hotel, opened in 1920, Miami's first truly 'Grand Hotel', known for its gigantic glass come, is here simply identified as the Dome Hotel.
This chart was issued in 1936 under R. S. Patton, director of the Survey. The present example has been updated and revised to 1938.
The Office of the Coast Survey (later the U.S. Geodetic Survey), founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. Hassler, and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Hassler lead the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Under the leadership A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey did most of its most important work. During his Superintendence, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS or USGS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA.
Good. Some wear and light soiling from use.