This is Vincenzo Maria Coronelli's 1690 map of Montenegro. The map covers the Dalmatian coast from Dubrovnik to Gjiri i Drinit, including all of modern day Montenegro as well as parts of adjacent Croatia, Albania, and Bosnia Herzegovina. Most of Coronelli's maps of the Dalmatian coast were intended to highlight the military victories of the Venetian Republic over the expansive Ottoman Turks. No exception, this map features notations throughout referring to various military battles for control of this hotly contested region.
This map was created at the height of the Morean War, better-known as the Sixth Ottoman-Venetian War, which lasted from 1684-1699. Venice became a member of the Holy League, which consisted of the Habsburg Empire (Austria-Hungary), Poland, Russia, and Venice. This alliance was organized by Pope Innocent Xi to oppose the expansionist tendencies of the Ottoman Empire, following their attempted capture of Vienna in 1683. Upon joining the Holy League, Venice declared war on the Ottoman Empire, the first and only time that happened. Most of the fighting involving Venetian troops took place in Greece, with the Venetian goal of recapturing Crete and other territory previously lost to the Ottomans. Fighting in Dalmatia was intense. Several different cities were besieged, some multiple times. Much of the final border between Dalmatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina was determined by the end of the successful Venetian campaign.
As a whole this is a splendid example of Coronelli's distinctive style at its finest. The map features detailed engraving, historical notes, armorial vignettes, and an elaborate title cartouche complete with a cherub riding a sea monster with the title scrolled on the sail. The map was published for inclusion in Coronelli's stupendous 1690 Atlante Veneto.
Vincenzo Maria Coronelli (August 16, 1650 - December 9, 1718) was an important 17th century cartographer and globe maker based in Venice. Coronelli was born the fifth child of a tailor in Venice. Unlikely to inherit his father's business, he instead apprenticed in Ravenna to a woodcut artist. Around 1663, Coronelli joined the Franciscan Order and in 1671, entered the Venetian convent of Saint Maria Gloriosa dei Frari. Coronelli excelled in the fields of cosmography, mathematics, and geography. Though his works include the phenomenal Atlante Veneto, Coronelli is best known for his globes. In 1678 Coronelli was commissioned to make his first major globes by Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma. Each superbly engraved globe was five feet in diameter. Louis IV of France, having heard of the magnificent Parma globes, invited Coronelli to Paris where he constructed an even more impressive pair of gigantic globes measuring over 12 feet in diameter and weighing 2 tons each. Coronelli returned to Venice and continued to published globes, maps, and atlases which were admired all over Europe for their beauty, accuracy, and detail. He had a particular fascination for the Great Lakes region and his early maps of this area were unsurpassed in accuracy for nearly 100 years after their initial publication. He is also well known for his groundbreaking publication of the first accurate map depicting the sources of the Blue Nile. At the height of his career, Coronelli founded the world's first geographical society, the Accademia Cosmografica degli Argonauti and was awarded the official title Cosmographer of the Republic of Venice. In 1699, in recognition of his extraordinary accomplishment and scholarship, Coronelli was also appointed Father General of the Franciscan Order. The great cartographer and globe maker died in Venice at the age of 68. His extraordinary globes can be seen today at the Bibliothèque Nationale François Mitterrand in Paris, Biblioteca Marciana in Venice, in the National Library of Austria and in the Globe Museum in Vienna, in the library of Stift Melk, in the Special Collections Library of Texas Tech University, as well as lesser works in Trier, Prague, London, and Washington D.C. Coronelli's work is notable for its distinctive style, which is characterized by high quality white paper, dark intense impressions, detailed renderings of topographical features in profile, and numerous cartographic innovations.
Coronelli, V. M., Atlante Veneto, 1690.
Very good. Wear along original centerfold. Minor verso repair of fold separation. Blank on verso. Original press mark visible.
Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Collection d'Anville ; 06012. OCLC 837640145.