An uncommon 1883 U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey nautical chart or maritime map of Nantucket, Massachusetts. The map covers from Hyannis to Chatham Port and south to include most of Nantucket island to Old Man's Shoal. Only the western most part of the island is trimmed off. The map is primarily coastal, but offers incredible detail throughout with topography extending several miles inland. Nantucket has full topography. There are countless depth soundings throughout with lighthouses, bells, and light boats highlighted. In addition to cartographic detail, the map also offers a wealth of practical information for the mariner: sailing instructions, tidal notes, information on light houses and beacons, etc. This chart was first issued under A. D. Bache in 1866, with the present example being updated under C. P. Patterson to 1883. Unlike many Coast Survey charts, the present map is an independent issue and a working maritime chart.
The Office of the Coast Survey (later the U.S. Geodetic Survey) (1807 - present), founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. Hassler, and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Hassler lead the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Under the leadership A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey did most of its most important work. During his Superintendence, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS or USGS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA.
Good. Some soiling. Used nautical chart. Repaired closed tear extending about 4 inches from lower margin.