Grondvlakte van Nieuw Orleans, de hoofdstad van Louisiana. / De uitloop van de Rivier Missisippi. / De oostelyke ingang van de Missisippi, met een plan van het fort, 't welk het kanaal beheerscht.
1769 (undated) 13.5 x 18 in (34.29 x 45.72 cm)
1 : 5200
A fine example of one of the more beautiful 18th century maps of New Orleans and the Mississippi River Delta. This map, issued in 1769 by Isaak Tirion, is essentially three related maps on a single sheet. The primary map, occupying the left quadrants, is a detail of New Orleans. The map covers the well planned city center, the modern day French Quarter, situated along the Mississippi River. The city's bounding canals and grid structure are evident and many of the cities most important buildings are easily recognizable. Others are identified via an alphanumeric key in the upper left corner. This plan is based upon the Thomas Jeffrey's Plan of 1759, which is based upon Jacques Nicholas Bellin's map of 1744, which in turn is based upon the Jean Leblond de La Tour plan of 1720, issued just two years after the city's founding in 1718.
The secondary maps, focusing on the course of the Mississippi River from Lake Pontchartrain south, and on the delta itself, occupy the right hand quadrants. These maps contain both land and nautical details, including soundings. The map in the lower right, focusing on the river delta, names Fort Balize. Founded in 1699, Balize, was the oldest French settlement in Louisiana.
This map appeared in several simultaneously published works issued around 1769. The present example was most likely issued as plate no. 31 in Isaak Tirion's Nieuwe en Beknopte Hand-Atlas.
Isaak Tirion, a Dutch publisher in Amsterdam, was born 1705. He produced serveral Atlases and Dutch town plans. The maps mainly based on those of Guillaume de l'Isle. He died in 1765. Tirion was born in Utrecht in 1705. He moved to Amsterdam in 1725 and set up shop on Damrak as a book publisher. Tirion quick rose in prominence by publishing pamphlets, historical works, and, most importantly, maps and atlases. He eventually relocated his printing house to the prestigious Kalverstraat. In his long career he produced eight atlases in multiple editions, some of which were published posthumously until about 1784. Most of his cartographic work is based on the earlier maps of Guillaume de L'Isle.
Tirion, I., Nieuwe en Beknopte Hand-Atlas, (Amsterdam) 1769.
Very good. Old color. Blank on verso. Original centerfold. Wide margins. Original platemark visible.
OCLC 5412460, 780102736. Van Ermen, E. , The United States in Old Maps and Prints, #69. Goss, J., The mapping of North America: three centuries of map-making, 1500-1860, #63. Phillips (America) 1196. Boston Public Library, Leventhal Center, G1105 .J4 1768. Library of Congress, G4014.N5 1769 .S2.