United States - East Coast New York Bay and Harbour.
1928 (dated) 40 x 27 in (101.6 x 68.58 cm)
1 : 40480
This is a 1928 British Admiralty nautical chart or maritime map of New York Bay and Harbor. The map depicts the region from New Jersey and Staten Island the Long Island and from Manhattan Island, Long Island City, and Hoboken, New Jersey to Sandy Hook, New Jersey. Featuring a detailed depiction of New York City, Manhattan's grid is illustrated, along with that of Brooklyn. Several Brooklyn neighborhoods are labeled, including Green Point, Red Hook, Flatbush, Bay Ridge, Gravesend, Sheepshead Bay, Coney Island, Canarsie, and Bushwick and Long Island City in Queens. A detailed illustration of Prospect Park is present in Brooklyn as well, close to Greenwood Cemetery. Numerous small communities are also labeled on Staten Island, as well as Jersey City, Bergen, Bayonne, and Newark, New Jersey. Myriad depth soundings are included throughout New York Harbor and Bay, along with many beacons, which are noted by yellow dots. The major shipping channels are illustrated and labeled, and navigational hazards, such as shoals, banks, and various other hazards, such as submerged pipelines and cables, are also noted.
This chart was published in several editions, with the present example dating to the 1926 edition. A series of small corrections have been made and are dated to 1928.
The British Admiralty Office (1795 - Present) or the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office refers to the Branch of the English government that is responsible for the command of the British Navy. In 1795 King George III created the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office, known in short as the U.K.H.O., to provide top notch nautical charts to the vast Royal Navy. Prior the founding of the Admiralty the surveying and creation of nautical charts was primarily a commercial venture wherein the cartographer himself, more of than not, actually financed the printing of his own material. The great navigator Cook himself is known to have scrambled for funds to publish his own seminal charts - the most important and advanced of the period. The system of privately funded nautical mapping and publishing left vast portions of the world uncharted and many excellent charts unpublished. King George III, responding significant loss in trade revenue related to shipwrecks and delay due to poor charts, recognized the need for an institutionalized government sponsored cartographic agency - the Admiralty. The first head of the Admiralty, a position known as Hydrographer, was the important cartographer Alexander Dalrymple. Dalrymple started by organizing and cataloging obtainable charts before initiating the laborious process of updating them and filling in the blanks. The first official Admiralty Chart appeared in 1800 and detailed Quiberon Bay in Brittany. By 1808 the position of Hydrographer fell to Captain Thomas Hurd. Hurd advocated the sale of Admiralty charts to the general public and, by the time he retired in 1829, had issued and published some 736 charts. Stewardship of the organization then passed to Rear Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort. It was under Beaufort's administration that the Admiralty truly developed as a "chart making" as opposed to a "chart cataloging" institution. Beaufort held his post from 1829 to 1854. In his 25 years at the Admiralty Beaufort created nearly 1500 new charts and sponsored countless surveying and scientific expeditions - including the 1831 to 1836 voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle. By 1855 the Admiralty's chart catalog listed some 1,981 charts.
Very good. Even overall toning. A couple of minor wormholes near centerfold. Light wear along original centerfold. Blank on verso.