1868 Petermann Map of East Africa Exploration Routes

Originalkarte von Nord-Abessinien und den Ländern am Mareb, Barka und Anseba. Tafel 3a. (Ausgabe mit Colorit Übersicht der Reiserouten.) - Main View

1868 Petermann Map of East Africa Exploration Routes


Traces German exploration in East Africa between 1838 and 1862.


Originalkarte von Nord-Abessinien und den Ländern am Mareb, Barka und Anseba. Tafel 3a. (Ausgabe mit Colorit Übersicht der Reiserouten.)
  1868 (dated)     17.5 x 21.25 in (44.45 x 53.975 cm)     1 : 10000000


This is an 1864 Augustus map of East Africa. Depicting the region from the Red Sea and Mitsiwa (Massua), Eritrea west to Sudan, the routes of nine explorers though this region are traced. Spanning nearly twenty years, from 1838 to 1862, hand color highlights each route in a different color, allowing for easy differentiation and identification. Two of Werner Munzinger's expeditions through the region are illustrated, making his exploits the most thoroughly cataloged here.
Werner Munzinger
Werner Munzinger (April 4, 1832 - November 14, 1875) was a Swiss administrator and explorer in the Horn of Africa. Born in Olten, Switzerland, Munzinger attended the University of Bern, Munich University, and the Sorbonne before moving to Cairo in 1852. After a year mastering Arabic, Munzinger entered a French mercantile house and participated in trading expeditions to the Red Sea. In 1865, he became the manager of the British Massawa consulate on the Ethiopian border, but, after the 1868 British invasion of Ethiopia, he remained in Massawa and became the French consul. In July 1870, after a failed attempt to broker the French annexation of Massawa, Munzinger left French service to explore the southern Arabian Peninsula. Not long after, he became the governor of the Keren region and Massawa, this time in service to the Egyptian government. Ultimatley, Minzinger was killed in battle during the 1875 Egyptian attack on Ethiopia.
Publication History and Census
This map was created by Augustus Petermann, edited by Bruno Hassenstein, and published by Justus Perthes in Die Deutsche Expedition in Ost-Afrika, 1861 und 1862 in 1864. Four examples of the separate map are cataloged in OCLC and are part of the institutional collections at The British Library, the Bibliothèque nationale de France, the St. Gallen Bibliotheknetz in St. Galler, Switzerland, and the Bavarian State Library in Munich.


August Heinrich Petermann (1822 - 1878) was a German cartographer. Petermann attended the 'Geographische Kuntschule' (Geographica School of Art), which was started by Heinrich Berghaus with the support of Alexander von Humboldt, in Potsdam beginning in 1839. Students at the school were obliged to work on many of the school's contracts, including maps for several different atlases. Following his time in Potsdam, Petermann relocated to Edinburgh and London from 1845 to 1854, where he gained insight into the commercial aspects of the cartography business. In 1854, Petermann returned to Gotha, Germany and began working with the Perthes brothers publishers. While working with the Perthes brothers, Petermann founded the journal Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen, published from 1855 until 2014, long one of the most prominent German-language geography journals. More by this mapmaker...

Bruno Hassenstein (November 23, 1839 - August 27, 1902) was a German cartographer and was born in Ruhla, Thuringia. In 1854, Hassenstein began studying cartography and working under August Petermann in Gotha, founder of Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen. Over the ensuing years, Hassenstein drew numerous maps for Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen before relocating to Berlin in 1866 to work for another cartographer, including Karl Klaus von der Decken. He returned to Gotha two years later and works on maps for Henrich Theodor Menke's edition of Spurner's atlas of medieval history. He became editor of the cartography section of the Mittellungen in 1878 and worked on the Atlas von Japan, which was published in 1885. The University of Göttingen awarded him an honorary doctorate in 1878. Learn More...

Johan Georg Justus Perthes (September 11, 1749 - May 2, 1816) was one of the most important German cartographic engravers of the 19th century. He was born in the Thuringian town of Rudolstadt, the son of a court physician. In 1778, he began working as a bookseller in Gotha. Perthes began his publishing empire shortly thereafter with the 1784 issue of the famed survey of European nobility known as the Almanac de Gotha. In the next year, 1785, he founded the cartographic firm of Justus Perthes Geographische Anstalt Gotha. His son Wilhelm Perthes (1793 - 1853) joined the firm in 1814. Wilhelm had prior publishing experience at the firm of Justus Perthes' nephew, Friedrich Christoph Perthes, who ran a publishing house in Hamburg. After Justus Perthes died in 1816, Wilhelm took charge and laid the groundwork for the firm to become a cartographic publishing titan. From 1817 to 1890. the Perthes firm issued thousands of maps and more than 20 different atlases. Along with the visionary editors Hermann Berghaus (1797 - 1884), Adolph Stieler (1775 - 1836), and Karl Spruner (1803 - 1892), the Perthes firm pioneered the Hand Atlas. When Wilhelm retired, management of the firm passed to his son, Bernhardt Wilhelm Perthes (1821 – 1857). Bernhardt brought on the cartographic geniuses August Heinrich Peterman (1822 - 1878) and Bruno Hassenstein (1839 - 1902). The firm was subsequently passed to a fourth generation in the form of Berhanrd Perthes (1858 – 1919), Bernhard Wilhelm's son. The firm continued in the family until 1953 when, being in East Germany, it was nationalized and run as a state-owned enterprise as VEB Hermann Haack Geographisch-Kartographische Anstalt Gotha. The Justus family, led by Joachim Justus Perthes and his son Wolf-Jürgen Perthes, relocated to Darmstadt where they founded the Justus Perthes Geographische Verlagsanstalt Darmstadt. Learn More...


Petermann, A., Die Deutsche Expedition in Ost-Afrika, 1861 und 1862. (Gotha: Justus Perthes) 1864.    


Very good. Exhibits light wear and some soiling along original fold lines. Blank on verso.


OCLC 494402543.