This is a fine map shows the explorations of Captain Cook, Captain Byron, Captain Wallis and Captain Carteret in the vicinity of Tahiti and the Society Islands from 1765 to 1769. Extends from Is. Scilly [i.e. the Scilly Islands] in the west and to I. Whitsunday de la Pentecote [i.e. the Whitsunday Island] in the east, from Is. du Disappointment [i.e. Disappointment Island] in the north to Ohetiroa in the south. Features the routes taken by these important explorers as the zig-zagged in and around the Society Islands. Depicts the island of Tahiti (Otaheite) as well as Bora Bora (Bolabola), Otaha, Marma, Ulietea, and others. Title in decorative script in the upper right quadrant. Engraved by Bernard for the 1774 Paris edition of John Hawkesworth's Account of the Voyages…, in which this was contained as Plate 3 in Volume III.
Captain James Cook (7 November 1728 - 14 February 1779) is a seminal figure in the history of cartography for which we can offer only a cursory treatment here. Cook began sailing as a teenager in the British Merchant Navy before joining the Royal Navy in 1755. He was posted in America for a time where he worked Samuel Holland, William Bligh, and others in the mapping of the St. Lawrence River and Newfoundland. In 1766 Cook was commissioned to explore the Pacific and given a Captaincy with command of the Endeavour. What followed were three historic voyages of discovery, the highlights of which include the first European contact with eastern Australia, the discovery of the Hawaiian Islands (among many other Polynesian groups), the first circumnavigation of New Zealand, some of the first sightings of Antarctica, the first accurate mapping of the Pacific Northwest, and ultimately his own untimely death at the hands of angry Hawaiians in 1779. The influence of Cook work on the mapping and exploration of the Pacific cannot be understated.
John Hawkesworth (c. 1715 - November 16, 1773) was an English born writer and editor born London. Hawkesworth, who is said to have been self educated, succeeded Samuel Johnson as the parliamentary debate compiler for "Gentleman's Magazine". He was a deeply religious and moral map who brilliant defense of morality earned him an LL. D degree from the Archbishop of Canterbury. Hawkesworth went on to publish a series of scholarly books and essays including a 12 volume edition of Jonathan Swift's work. In 1772 Hawkesworth was commissioned by the Admiralty to compile and edit James Cook's journals. The resultant work An Account of the Voyages undertaken ... for making discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere was one of the first ethnographic account of the South Seas and was widely published in England and abroad. Though highly influential, Hawkesworth's work received heavy criticism from scholars who claim that he liberally altered much of the text in the name of morality.
Relation des voyages entrepris par ordre de sa Majesté Britannique actuellement régnante pour faire des découvertes dans l'hémisphère méridional, et successivement exécutés par le commodore Byron, le capitaine Carteret, le capitaine Wallis et le capitaine Cook dans les vaisseaux 'le Dauphin ', 'le Swallow' and 'l'Endeavour'. (1774 first Saillant and Nyon French edition)
Very good condition. Original folds. Light transference. Margin extension upper right quadrant.
National Library of Australia, MAP RM 555.