This is an attractive 1701 map of Flanders by Nicholas De Fer. The map depicts modern day Belgium and Luxemburg along with parts of Germany, France and Holland, a region commonly called Flanders at the time. It covers from Breda south as far as Thionville and from Boulogne eastward to Aachen. Includes the regions of Flanders, Artois, Picardie, Champagne, Liege, Brabant, Limburg, Hainault, Luxemburg and Juliers. The entire region is rendered in extraordinary detail, offering topographical and political information.
This map was made after the end of the Eighty Years' War (1568-1648) when the Low Countries were divided into the United Provinces and Southern Netherland, of which Luxembourg became part of. This portion of the Netherlands was known successively as the Habsburg Netherlands, the Spanish Netherlands, and the Austrian Netherlands, until, in 1795, Napoleonic forces invaded and set up a new French client state, the Batavian Republic. The Low Countries, until 1581 part of the Seventeen United Provinces, were reunited by the 1815 Congress of Vienna as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
br> All in all, a very interesting and attractive map of Belgium to appear in the beginning of the 18th century. This map was engraved by Harmanus van Loon and created by Nicholas De Fer for his 1701 Atlas.
Nicholas de Fer (1646 - October 25, 1720) was a French cartographer and publisher, the son of cartographer Antoine de Fer. He apprenticed with the Paris engraver Louis Spirinx, producing his first map, of the Canal du Midi, at 23. When his father died in June of 1673 he took over the family engraving business and established himself on Quai de L'Horloge, Paris, as an engraver, cartographer, and map publisher. De Fer was a prolific cartographer with over 600 maps and atlases to his credit. De Fer's work, though replete with geographical errors, earned a large following because of its considerable decorative appeal. In the late 17th century, De Fer's fame culminated in his appointment as Geographe de le Dauphin, a position that offered him unprecedented access to the most up to date cartographic information. This was a partner position to another simultaneously held by the more scientific geographer Guillaume De L'Isle, Premier Geograph de Roi. Despite very different cartographic approaches, De L'Isle and De Fer seem to have stepped carefully around one another and were rarely publicly at odds. Upon his death of old age in 1720, Nicolas was succeeded by two of his sons-in-law, who also happened to be brothers, Guillaume Danet (who had married his daughter Marguerite-Geneviève De Fer), and Jacques-François Bénard (Besnard) Danet (husband of Marie-Anne De Fer), and their heirs, who continued to publish under the De Fer imprint until about 1760. It is of note that part of the De Fer legacy also passed to the engraver Remi Rircher, who married De Fer's third daughter, but Richer had little interest in the business and sold his share to the Danet brothers in 1621.
Harmanus van Loon (fl. c. 1690 - c. 1725) was a Flemish engraver active in Paris during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Van Loon worked primarily in Paris and often signed his work, which includes maps and other engravings for such prominent cartographers as Nicolas de Fer, Jean Baptiste Nolin, Guillaume Delisle, and others. There is some speculation that he may have been related to the Brussels born painter Theodorus van Loon.
Fer, Nicholas de, Cartes et Descriptions Generales et Particulieres pour l'intelligence des affaires du temps, au sujet de la Succession de la Couronne d'Espagne, en Europe, en Asie, Afrique, et Amerique, (Paris) 1701.
Very good. Minor wear along original centerfold. Original platemark visible. Minor spotting. Verso repair over left margin and border near scale.