1900 Japanese Bi-lingual Woodblock Map of Peking (Beijing), China (Boxer Rebellion)

PekingWoodblock2-japanese-1900
$2,500.00
Map of Peking.
Processing...

1900 Japanese Bi-lingual Woodblock Map of Peking (Beijing), China (Boxer Rebellion)

PekingWoodblock2-japanese-1900

Rare Japanese woodblock map of Beijing.

SOLD. Call for off-line availability

Title


Map of Peking.
  1900 (undated)    25 x 22 in (63.5 x 55.88 cm)

Description


This is an extremely rare c.1900 Japanese woodblock map of Beijing or Peking. Centered on the Forbidden City, the map depicts the city during the Boxer Rebellion (Yihetuan Movement) of 1900. It depicts Beijing during the year when the Boxer Rebellion took place in China while the city was occupied by the eight-nation alliance. This map identifies the territories occupied by the alliance. The Boxer Rebellion was the movement by the Righteous Harmony Society in China opposing Christianity and foreign imperialism and lasted from June 20 to August 14, 1900. The map is highly detailed noting blocks, houses, street names, and buildings in profile. It features the flags of the allied nations drawn near the borders of the map. Text is in Chinese with some text in English. This is an extremely rare and valuable map with great historical importance.

Cartographer


Japanese cartography appears as early as the 1600s. Japanese maps are known for their exceptional beauty and high quality of workmanship. Early Japanese cartography has its own very distinctive projection and layout system. Japanese maps made prior to the appearance of Commodore Perry and the opening of Japan in the mid to late 1850s often have no firm directional orientation, incorporate views into the map proper, and tend to be hand colored woodblock prints. This era, from the 1600s to the c. 1855, which roughly coincides with the Tokugawa or Edo Period (1603-1886), some consider the Golden Age of Japanese Cartography. Most maps from this period, which followed isolationist ideology, predictably focus on Japan. The greatest cartographer of the period, whose work redefined all subsequent cartography, was Ino Tadataka (1745 -1818). Ino's maps of Japan were so detailed that, when the European cartographers arrived they had no need, even with their far more sophisticated survey equipment, to remap the region. Later Japanese maps, produced in the late Edo and throughout the Meiji period, draw heavily upon western maps as models in both their content and overall cartographic style. While many of these later maps maintain elements of traditional Japanese cartography such as the use of rice paper, woodblock printing, and delicate hand color, they also incorporate western directional orientation, projection systems, and structural norms. Even so, Japan's isolationist policy kept most western maps from reaching Japan so even 19th century maps appear extremely out of date. The early Japanese maps copy the great 1602 Chinese world map of the friar Matto Ricci. After Shiba Kokan's 1792 map, most Japanese cartographers used Covens and Mortier's 1730 copy of Jaillot's 1689 double hemisphere work as their base world-view. In 1862 Seiyo Sato based a new world map on Dutch sources dating to 1857, thus introducing the Mercator projection to Japan. By the late Meiji Era, western maps became far more common in Asia and Japanese maps began to follow modern conventions.

Condition


Very good. Overall spotting and toning at several places. Original fold lines show wear, with minor rips and holes are intersections. Foxing throughout.