This is a c. 1845 Jules Arnout view of the Place du Carrousel and the Palais des Tuileries (Tuileries Palace) in Paris, France. The view illustrates the Place du Carrousel from the east and depicts a typical day in Paris. Parisians rush across the square, on foot, on horseback, and in carriages. All this activity takes place in the shadow of the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, constructed to commemorate Napoleon's military victories between 1806 and 1808. Based on the Arch of Constantine in Rome, the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel is topped by the Horses of Saint Mark from Saint Mark's Cathedral in Venice, which were brought to Paris by Napoleon in 1798 after he captured Venice. Behind the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel stands the Palais de Tuileries. This palace was the main royal residence for French monarchs from Henry IV through Napoleon III until it was burned down by the Paris Commune in 1871. The Palais des Tuileries was never rebuilt, although a campaign advocating for its reconstruction has been ongoing since 2003.
Publication History and CensusThis view was created by Jules Arnout and printed by the Lemercier firm. It was published c. 1845 in Paris by Bulla frères and in London by Gambart, Junin, and Company. This is the only known example.
Jules Arnout (June 1, 1814 - 1868) was a French artist, painter, and lithographer active during the mid-19th century. Arnout created works depicting landscapes and French, Swiss, Italian, and English cities.
Rose-Joseph Lemercier (June 29, 1803 - 1887) was a French photographer, lithographer, and printer. One of the most important Parisian lithographers of the 19th century, Lemercier was born in Paris into a family of seventeen children. His father was a basket maker, and he even began working as a basket maker at the age of fifteen, but Lemercier was drawn to lithography and printing and soon entered into an apprenticeship with Langlumé, where he worked from 1822 until 1825. After working for a handful of other printers, Lemercier started his own firm in 1828 at 2, rue Pierre Sarrazin with only one printing press. He subsequently moved a few more times before arriving at 57, rue de Seine, where he founded the printing firm Lemercier and Company. Lemercier created the firm Lemercier, Bénard and Company in 1837 with Jean François Bénard. Lemercier bought out Bénard's share in the firm in 1843 and, since his two sons died at a young age, he decided to bring his nephew Alfred into the business beginning in 1862, who would progressively take on more and more responsibility in running the firm. Between 1850 and 1870, Lemercier's firm was the largest lithographic company in Paris. The firm began to decline in prestige in the early 1870s, and, after Lemercier's death in 1887, its descent only quickened. It is unclear when the firm closed, but Alfred directed the firm until his death in 1901.
Very good. Even overall toning. Light foxing and soiling. Blank on verso.