A Map of the Island of St. Domingo.
1800 (dated) 18 x 36 in (45.72 x 91.44 cm)
A dramatic and important map of the island of St. Domingo (Santo Domingo) or Hispaniola prepared by Bryan Edwards and published by John Stockdale in 1800. Covers the island in full offering significant detail throughout. Edwards includes notations of the navigability of various rives, comments on habitation and population, reveals the nature of the landscape, and identifies cities and roads as they existed. He also includes the line of demarcation between French and Spanish portions of the island as defined in 1776. These divisions would later evolve into Haiti and the Dominican Republic as we know them today. Edwards further identifies the Mountains of Cibao, where Columbus notoriously sought for gold.
This map, originally included in Edwards's history of the British Colonies in the West Indies, represents a significant reconsideration of the island. In the preperations of this map, Edwards sourced and supervised numerous independent surveys and studies of various parts of the island. Following its initial publication, Edwards' mapping of St. Domingo became so significant that it was copied by a number by a number of other map publishers who attempted to claim it as their own. This resulted in landmark British copyright case in which Edwards asserted his claims on the map and which, ultimately, set precedent for future cases involving cartographic copyright infringement in the United Kingdom.
Bryan Edwards (May 21, 1743 - July 15 or 16, 1800) was a British politician and colonial administrator active in the later part of the 18th century. Born in Westbury, England, Edwards lost his father at 13 years of age. His education was subsequently taken over by his uncle, Zachary Bayly, a wealthy merchant based in Jamaica. This would turn out to have a profound influence on Edwards. When Bayly died in the 1770s, Edwards inherited his uncle's substantial wealth and quickly rose to a position of prominence in the Colonial Assembly of Jamaica. Raised in the plantation culture of Jamaica, Edwards used his wealth and influence to advocate for the continuation of the slave trade. Despite being politically misguided, Edwards was regarded with respect by both his colleagues and opponents. During his long tenure in the West Indies, Edwards wrote a number of histories and administrative studies, many of which featured important cartographic works and offered an illuminating view of the British colonies in the region. He is also known to have returned to England on several occasions where he repeatedly attempted and failed to acquire a seat in Parliament. Eventually, he was elected to represent the Cornish borough of Grampond, though the election itself may have been corrupt. Edwards was also secretary of the Association of Promoting the Discovery of the Interior Parts of Africa. In this capacity, he wrote of the first known account of the travels of Mungo Park in Africa.
John Stockdale (March 25, 1750 - June 21, 1814) was an English book and map publisher active in London in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Stockdale, born in Caldbeck, England, was trained by his father in the family trade of blacksmithing. Blacksmithing must not have been his cup of tea, for as soon as he was able, he left this trade in favor of a number of minor service positions, working at various times as a porter and a valet. One such position put him in the service of the bookseller John Almon. Having learnt the book trade by observing Almon, Stockdale opened his own bookshop and began publishing various historic and scientific works. Fellow publishers, perhaps reacting to his social status at birth, wrote of him, "being a man of natural parts, he soon became conspicuous in business in spite of much eccentricity of conduct and great coarseness of manners." Never quite accepted in the trade, Stockdale's fellow London publishers derogatorily referred to him as "The Bookselling Blacksmith". Nonetheless, Stockdale had a number of important works to his name, including several geographies, most notably the 1794American Geography 1794 and, with John Cary, the 1805 New British Atlas.
Edwards, Bryan, The History Civil and Commercial of the British Colonies of the West Indies, 1800.
Very good. Some minor marginal tears - all of which have been repaired. Original fold line present. Could benefit from professional flattening - an additional service this map is priced to accommodate.
Brown Universty, JCB Library, D805 R158h. Maugham, R, A Treatise on the Laws of Literary Property, Comprising the Statues and Cases... , (1862, 2008 revision) page 163-164.