1992 1993 Sarajevo 1994 1995.
27 x 39 in (68.58 x 99.06 cm)
This is a 1996 FAMA pictorial map of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, during the Siege of Sarajevo. An internationally celebrated piece that is known as the 'Sarajevo Survival Map', the map depicts the city, which sits in the valley of the Miljacka River, encircled by artillery pieces and tanks all positioned on the high ground surrounding the city. 260 tanks, 120 mortars, and weapons of smaller calibers, encircled the city from April 5, 1992 until February 29, 1996, a total of 1,425 days, making it the longest siege of a capital city in the history of modern warfare.
A Pictorial Map of a TragedyActing as a visual reference for this incredible tragedy, sites around the city that played a role in the siege, such as 'Sniper Alley' (the main boulevard in Sarajevo known for its sniper nests), the Dobrinja-Butmir Tunnel (used to get members of the army and parliamentary officials in an out of the city - the U.S. Ambassador to Bosnia-Herzegovina Viktor Jaković also used it), and several buildings used by the UNPROFOR (United Nations Protection Forces) are all illustrated. Hospitals, museums, the brewery, and other buildings are illustrated as well. Sniper crosshairs dot the map, making the ominous and deadly reality of life in Sarajevo all-too apparent, and the 'dangerous zones' marked by large red dots create areas that some may interpret as 'kill zones'.
The Siege of SarajevoThe siege, which lasted three times longer than the Battle of Stalingrad and a year longer than the Siege of Leningrad, began shortly after Bosnia and Herzegovina voted by referendum to declare independence from Yugoslavia. Bosnian Serbs, with their ultimate goal of creating a Bosnian Serb state known as the Republika Srpska, encircled Sarajevo and stationed troops on the surrounding hills. Even though the Bosnian government defense forces in Sarajevo outnumbered the besieging Serbians by more than three to one, their lack of firepower rendered them unable to break the siege. The besieging force lobbed dozens of shells into the city daily and snipers proliferated throughout the city, occupying high points and terrorizing Sarajevo's citizens. NATO, at the behest of the United Nations, did not intervene until February 1994, and it was not until February 1996 that the Bosnian government finally declared an end to the siege, following the implementation of the Dayton Accords, which ended the Bosnian War. 13,952 people, both military and civilian, lost their lives during the siege.
Publication History and CensusThis map was created by Suada Kapić, illustrated by Ozren Pavlovic, and published by FAMA in Sarajevo in 1996. Two examples of the map appear in institutional collections in the OCLC, both of which are located in Slovenia. FAMA also published a collection of documents, of which this map is a part, that is part of the institutional collections at the National Endowment for Democracy, the University of Michigan, Stanford, and the University of California Berkeley. It is incredibly rare on the private market, as we have been unable to locate any other examples. We have also been unable to locate any other instances when it has appeared on the private market.
FAMA International (Federal Agriculture and Marketing Authority) (1990 - Present) was founded by Suada Kapic in 1990 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, as an independent media company. As the first independent media company in the region, FAMA aimed to be the CNN of southeastern Europe and provide information on the breakup of Yugoslavia and the Balkan War to those in the region. FAMA published a Sarajevo Survival Guide, written by Miroslav Prstojevic, in April 1993 and a second edition in April 1993. They also created a Survival Art Museum in 1994, which displayed 'Survival Art' created during the Siege of Sarajevo, and exhibited the work in . FAMA received the Sixth April Award of Sarajevo, the highest award bestowed by the city, in 2017. Learn More...
Suada Kapić (b. February 15, 1952) is an actor, author, and entrepreneur. Born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kapić attended the University of Sarajevo and completed her first Bachelor of Arts degree in the Faculty of Philosophy before moving the Belgrade and completing a second Bachelor of Arts in Theater and Film Directing at the Faculty of Performing Arts. After the fall of communism, Kapić founded FAMA, an independent news agency aimed at becoming the CNN of Southeastern Europe. Will the breakup of former Yugoslavia and the Bosnian War, she became a refugee in her own city after escaping form her home in a district of Sarajevo occupied by Bosnian Serb forces. She resolved to stay in Sarajevo, and launched the 'Science of Survival' project, which also led to the creation of the 'Sarajevo Survival Guide' and the 'Survival Map'. After the end of the war, Kapić focused on creating an archive of oral and visual histories of the Bosnian War, which have now been digitized into the FAMA COLLECTION. Learn More...
Very good. Light wear along original fold lines. Verso repairs at fold intersections. Text and illustrated index on verso.
OCLC 780599020 ; 435787623.