1794 Campbell Map of Scotland

Scotland-campbell-1794
$1,400.00
A New and Correct Map of Scotland or North Britain with all the Post and Military Roads, Divisions, and ca.
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1794 Campbell Map of Scotland

Scotland-campbell-1794

One of the largest and most impressive maps of Scotland to appear in the 18th century.

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Title


A New and Correct Map of Scotland or North Britain with all the Post and Military Roads, Divisions, and ca.
  1794 (dated)    50 x 42 in (127 x 106.68 cm)

Description


An absolutely stunning and monumental 1794 wall map of Scotland by Lieutenant Campbell. Covers Scotland in full with extraordinary detail throughout. Notes every town, hamlet, bishopric, country, forest, castle swam and road. Even offers some offshore detail with regard to the various postal ferries, the Marrs Bank, rocks and other undersea dangers, and cod fishing grounds. Identifies a number of important locales including Loch Ness, the source of the Spey, Ben Wyvis mountain, the Rock of Islay, Ben Nivis Mountain, and the ruins of Beregonium ancient capital of Scotland. A large inset map in the upper right quadrant details the Shetland Islands. An elaborate baroque title cartouche appears in the upper left quadrant. Published by Laurie and Whittle as plate nos. 7-8 in the 1797 edition of Thomas Kitchin's General Atlas.

CartographerS


Duncan Campbell (fl. 1750 - 1800) was an Scottish cartographer and surveyor employed with the British Admiralty. Campbell has proven to be an elusive figure, however, "Lieutenant Campbell" as he is referred to on his famous map of Scotland, may in face refer to Duncan Campbell, who was associated with both the Admiralty and the British Post system.


Laurie and Whittle (fl. 1794 - 1858) were London, England, based map and atlas publishers active in the late 18th and early 19th century. Generally considered to be the successors to the Robert Sayer firm, Laurie and Whittle was founded by Robert Laurie (c. 1755 - 1836) and James Whittle (1757-1818). Robert Laurie was a skilled mezzotint engraver and is known to have worked with Robert Sayer on numerous projects. James Whittle was a well-known London socialite and print seller whose Fleet Street shop was a popular haunt for intellectual luminaries. The partnership began taking over the general management of Sayer's firm around 1787; however, they did not alter the Sayer imprint until after Sayer's death in 1794. Apparently Laurie did most of the work in managing the firm and hence his name appeared first in the "Laurie and Whittle" imprint. Together Laurie and Whittle published numerous maps and atlases, often bringing in other important cartographers of the day, including Kitchin, Faden, Jefferys and others to update and modify their existing Sayer plates. Robert Laurie retired in 1812, leaving the day to day management of the firm to his son, Richard Holmes Laurie (1777 - 1858). Under R. H. Laurie and James Whittle, the firm renamed itself "Whittle and Laurie". Whittle himself died in six years later in 1818, and thereafter the firm continued under the imprint of "R. H. Laurie". After R. H. Laurie's death the publishing house and its printing stock came under control of Alexander George Findlay, who had long been associated with Laurie and Whittle. Since, Laurie and Whittle has passed through numerous permeations, with part of the firm still extant as an English publisher of maritime or nautical charts, 'Imray, Laurie, Norie and Wilson Ltd.' The firm remains the oldest surviving chart publisher in Europe.


Thomas Kitchin (1718 - 1784) was a London based cartographic engraver and publisher. Kitchin was a very active engraver who produced a large corpus of work both in and out of the cartographic arena. He is responsible for numerous maps published in the London Magazine, and is known to have partnered, at various times, with Thomas Jefferys, Emmanuel Bowen and Laurie and Whittle. Many of Kitchin's maps continued to be updated and published well after his death in 1784.

Source


Kitchin, Thomas, Kitchin's General Atlas, describing the Whole Universe: being a complete collection of the most approved maps extant; corrected with the greatest care, and augmented from the last edition of D'Anville and Robert with many improvements by other eminent geographers, engraved on Sixty-Two plates, comprising Thirty Seven maps., Laurie & Whittle, London, 1797.    

Condition


Very good condition. On four sheets, top two sheets jointed by publisher, bottom two sheets joined by publisher. Top section and bottom section are unjoined, but can be joined upon request from buyer. These also framed quite dramatically separately. Original folds exhibit some wear and minor verso repair and reinforcement. Platemark visible. Blank on verso. Size indicated is for the entire map, joined. Individual sheets are half as tall.

References


Rumsey 0411.011, 0411.012, 0411.013, 2310.013, 2310.014, 2310.015. Phillips (Atlases) 4300. National Maritime Museum, 375 (3rd ed. 1801).