1799 (dated) 14 x 16 in (35.56 x 40.64 cm)
A fine 1799 map of South America by the English mapmaker Clement Cruttwell. Covers all of South America as well as parts of Central America as far north as Honduras. Crutwell identifies a number of indigenous peoples throughout as well as missions stations and fortifications. The Line of Demarcation, a boundary set up by the signing of the Treaty of Tordesillas on June 7, 1494, runs through Brazil. This treat divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Spain and Portugal, along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands. The lands to the east would belong to Portugal and the lands to the west to Spain. Outline color and fine copper plate engraving in the minimalist English style prevalent in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Mountains and topographical other detail shown by profile. Also makes note of rivers and shoals. Drawn by Clement Cruttwell and published in the 1799 Atlas to Cruttwell's Gazetteer.
Clement Cruttwell (1743-1808) was an English book and map publisher active in Bath and London in the late 18th and early 19th century. Cruttwell was born the son of William Cruttwell, a gentleman of Wokingham, Berkshire, England. As a young man Cruttwell was educated to be an Anglican Reverend and consequently maintained a lifelong interest in religious matters. Throughout his life, he published a number of religious works and geographical gazetteers including several focused on the British Isles and one dedicated to France. Though little is known of Cruttwell today, he was highly regarded in his own time. In his obituary, a period publication, The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure describes Cruttwell as
a gentleman whose various literary performances, for labour, extent, and utility, have rarely been equaled, and, when regarded as the productions of an unassisted valetudinarian, have perhaps never been surpassed.
Cruttwell was also a known correspondent of George Washington to whom he sent his own translation of the Holy Bible, which Washington kept in his personal library until his death.
Cruttwell, C., Atlas to Cruttwell's Gazetteer, 1799.
Very good. Original centerfold. Platemark visible. Some offsetting. Moderate overall toning. Blank on verso.