A draught of South Carolina and Georgia from Sewee to St. Estaca.
1778 (undated) 18 x 32.75 in (45.72 x 83.185 cm)
1 : 450000
A rare and important 1778 American Revolutionary War era Andrew Hughes nautical chart or maritime map of the coasts of South Carolina, Georgia, and northern Florida. During the early part of the Revolutionary War, this was the best obtainable nautical chart of the Sea Islands. Oriented to the east, this stunning map covers the Atlantic coast from the Santee River (Sewee River), South Carolina, past Charleston, Beaufort, and Savannah, to Saint Augustine, Florida. In addition, the map offers extensive and valuable piloting instructions addressing the entire coast line as well as most individual islands, including Tybee Island, Amelia Island, and Sapelo Island. It also includes excellent coverage of the region's shoals, anchorages, currents, marsh lands, river estuaries, and tides marks.
The chart is credited to Andrew Hughes, of whom we have been able to learn little. It first appeared in the 1778 edition of Mount and Page's English Pilot, the Fourth Book, replacing A Large Draught of South Carolina. It represents a significant step forward in the cartography of this coastal region both in terms of greater accuracy and expanded coverage. Despite this, the map appeared in only a few Revolutionary War Era editions of the English Pilot and is subsequently extremely scarce.
Mount and Page (fl. 1701 - 1760) was a London based firm of religious and maritime publishers that flourished in the 18th century. With the publication of the 1732 English Pilot, the Mount and Page name became well-known worldwide as an imprint of nautical charts. The firm was founded at Tower Hill, London, in 1701 by Richard Mount (1654 - 1722) and his apprentice Thomas Page (1780 - March 15, 1733). Mount had previously been in partnership with his father-in-law William Fisher (1631 - 1691) and inherited the business on the latter's death. Page completed his apprenticeship in 1716. Now fully partnered, Mount and Page subsequently acquired the map plates several defunct British nautical chart publishers, including Greenville Collins, Jeremiah Seller, Charles Price, and John and Samuel Thornton - thus nearly monopolizing the British nautical chart business. The firm consequently received several lucrative government contracts and thereby flourished throughout the 18th century, making the fortunes of both families. Successive generations of Mounts and Pages worked in the business, and the families intermarried. Its staple titles were The English Pilot and Navigatio Britannica by John Barrow. By the 1760s, Richard Mount's grandson John Mount (1725 - 1786) was able to retire to Berkshire where he built the stately mansion, Wasing Place. John's son William (1753 - 1815) was the last to work in the map business, and later generations went into politics.
The English Pilot. Fourth Book, (London: Mount and Page) 1778.
The English Pilot, published from 1671 to 1794, was the brain child of John Seller (1630 – 1697). Seller, recognizing a lack of quality English made nautical charts, began to compile and engrave charts for a new maritime atlas as early as 1669. That same year he announced the publication of the English Pilot. The work was intended to be published in geographically specific volumes such that only the necessary maps need accompany a voyage. The English Pilot, The First Book, covering English waters, was published in 1671. Despite his claims, most of the maps in the first book were not English productions, but rather worn out Dutch map plates purchased as scrap and then retooled with Seller's imprint. Nonetheless, the work proved popular among merchant seamen and earned him the title 'Hydrographer in Ordinary' as well as copyright protection for 30 years. Seller failed to fully realize his grand scheme but it was picked up in earnest by other cartographers, including William Fisher, John Thornton, John Wingfield, Richard Mount and Thomas Page. Subsequent volumes followed including The Second Book, covering the Mediterranean; The Third Book covering African and Arabian coasts; The Fourth Book comprising the first British atlas exclusively dedicated to the Americas; The Fifth Book, a volume of practical Navigation; and The Sixth Book focusing on East Asian waters. The English Pilot was issued in over 40 editions with a print run exceeding 100 years. It was also pirated by George Grierson and published in Dublin under his imprint. It is one of the most important British atlases ever published.
Good. This, like most other known examples of this map, suffers from the low-quality paper and use at sea. The map has been backed with archival tissue. The upper left margin has been extended slightly at the corner. Repair of splits and some in fill (longitude line of Port Royal) where two panels rightmost of the map were originally joined. Issued in three sheets joined by publisher.
Verner, C., A Carto-Bibliographical Study of The English Pilot The Fourth Book,#61. Philips (Atlases), Vol. 1, 1168, # 13 and 1171, # 14. Sellers, John R. and Van Ee, Patricia, Maps and Charts of North America, #1399. OCLC 945093316.