(Sketch F No. 2) Preliminary Chart of the Entrance St. John’s River Florida.
1853 14 x 18.5 in (35.56 x 46.99 cm)
A rare hand colored 1853 costal chart of St. John's River, Florida. Chart offers superb inland detail of Fort George Island, Batton Island, Talbot Island, Long Island, Pilot Houses, Mayport Mills and Gibbs House, as well as sailing instructions and depth soundings well into the river proper. Triangulation was accomplished by G. A. Fairfield, topography by R. M Bache, and hydrography by T. A. Craven. Published under the supervision of A. D. Bache for the 1853 Report of the Superintendant of the U.S. Coast Survey.
The Office of the Coast Survey (later the U.S. Geodetic Survey), founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. Hassler, and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Hassler lead the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Under the leadership A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey did most of its most important work. During his Superintendence, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS or USGS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA.
Very good condition. Blank on verso. Good margins. Minor discoloration on original fold lines.
Library Company of Philadelphia, A Catalogue of Books Belonging to the Library Company of Phildelphia, p. 1362.