Map of Texas from the most recent authorities.
1849 (dated 1845) 12.5 x 15.5 in (31.75 x 39.37 cm)
1 : 3300000
A fine example of the scarce 1849 Samuel Augustus Mitchell Map of Texas. Based upon the Tanner/Williams map of 1847, this map covers all of Texas according to the original 1836 claims of the Republic of Texas. This includes a vast territory extending from the western Rio Grande to the Sabine River and from the Arkansas River to the mouth of the Rio Grande as it enters the Gulf of Mexico. This included much of modern day New Mexico as far west as Santa Fe. Here the map is clearly divided between Bexar County, in yellow, and the more populated parts of Teas to the east. The county structure there is sophisticated and reflects numerous updates and revisions over the original 1847 Tanner plate.
One year after this map was drawn, the Compromise of 1850, in which much of Texas's western territory would be sacrificed to the federal government in exchange for that entity paying of the state's war debt, dramatically and permanently changed Texas's cartographic profile.
This map was issued in the 1849 edition of S. A. Mitchell's New Universal Atlas. It retains the original 1845 C. S. Williams copyright. This was the last edition of that atlas to be published by Mitchell prior to selling the plates and rights to the atlas to Thomas Cowperthwait late in 1850.
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) Senior began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell teamed up with printer Cowperthwait & Company to produce the Mitchell's Universal Atlas and the Mitchell's General Atlas. In the late 1850s most of the Mitchell copyrights were bought by Desilver and Co. who continued to publish his maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the copyrights back from Desilver and, from 1860 on, published his own New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father and published atlases well into the late 1880s when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.
C. S. Williams (fl. c. 1845 – 1846) was an American engraver and publisher active in Philadelphia during the middle part of the 19th century. Williams is elusive and we have been unable to definitively isolate much information about him. He engraved for H. S. Tanner and his imprint and copyright is associated with several important Tanner atlas maps issued between 1845 and 1846. Similarly, his imprint carries over to Tanner legacy maps issued by Samuel Augustus Mitchell maps until about 1850. There are references to a engraver by the name of C.S. Williams in New Haven, Connecticut, active in the 1830s, as well as to a C. S. Williams active in Ohio in the 1860s. It is unclear if these are the same person, or, completely unrelated engravers.
Mitchell, S. A., A New Universal Atlas/i>, (S. A. Mitchell; Philadelphia) 1849.
The New Universal Atlas is one of the great American atlases of the mid-19th century. Samuel Augustus Mitchell first issued the atlas in 1846 when he acquired the map plates and copyright for Tanner's New Universal Atlas from its publisher, Carey and Hart. The first transitional 1846 edition was published jointly with Carey and Hart, but a second edition was published in the same year with the Tanner imprint erased. This edition of the atlas also introduced the signature S. A. Mitchell green and pink color scheme. Most of the maps from the early editions of the atlas were engraved by H. N. Burroughs or C. S. Williams, often bearing their copyright. Burroughs maps also tended to have what map collector David Rumsey refers to as the 'Cary and Hart' borders, which featured a narrow vine motif. These borders were replaced, along with the Burroughs imprint, with the more traditional Mitchell strap work border used in the atlases until 1856. Mitchell published editions until late in 1850, when he sold the rights to Thomas Cowperthwait and Company of Philadelphia. Under Cowperthwait, the atlases continued to be published and bear the Mitchell name until 1856, when it the plates were again sold, this time to Charles Desilver. Desilver reworked the plates with new border art and a revised color scheme in the style of J. H. Colton. Desilver issued editions from 1857 to 1860, when the atlas was phased out in favor of Samuel Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s New General Atlas.
Very good condition. Blank on verso. Minor discoloration upper left margin. Otherwise, bright and clean.
Rumsey 0545.039, 4835.045.