An extremely attractive large format 1775 maritime map or nautical chart of the port of Trincomalee, Ceylon (Sri Lanka) by Jean-Baptiste d'Après de Mannevillette. Trincomalee is natural deep water port on the east coast of Sri Lanka, about 110 miles northeast of Kandy. It is one of the main centers of Tamil speaking culture in Ceylon. Historically referred to as Gokanna or Gokarna it has been a sea port that has played a major role in maritime and international trading history of Sri Lanka. Throughout its long history Trincomalee has been an important and strategic port various colonial powers including the Portugese, Dutch, French and British. Inland detail in minimalist but marine detail is excellent with well-defined coastlines, many rhumb lines, numerous harbors and ports noted, and countless depth soundings. Detailed sailing instructions fill the upper left quadrant. Mannevillette's chart marks a considerable advancement over previous nautical maps of this region. Engraved by De La Haye for Jean-Baptiste d'Après de Mannevillette's 1775 Neptune Oriental.
Jean-Baptiste d'Après de Mannevillette (February 11, 1707 - March 1, 1780) was a French sailor, navigator, and hydrographer active in the mid-18th century. Mannevillette was born in Le Havre to a family of wealthy seafarers. As a young man he studied mathematics and navigation in Paris before earning his sea legs as a commissioned officer on the merchant vessel Marechel d'Estrees bound for the West Indies. Mannevillette eventually attained the rank of Captain with the Compagnie des Indes. In the course of numerous voyages around Africa to India and China, Mannevillette collected and revised a number of regional nautical charts. His sophisticated use of the most modern instruments, most specifically the Octant or English Quarter, and keen mathematical mind enabled Mannevillette to correct many significant errors common to earlier maps of the region. These updates were eventually compiled and published in Mannevillette's most significant work, the 1745 Neptune Oriental. The Neptune Oriental was well received by navigators and earned him admission into the Academy of Sciences. Eventually he took a position with the French Hydrographic department and in 1775 republished his opus in a greatly expanded format. In 1767 King Louis XV conferred the Order of St. Michael upon him and made him an associate of the Royal Marine Academy. Mannevillette died on March first of 1780 at 75 years of age.
Mannevillette, D'Apres de, Le Neptune Oriental, 1775.
Very good. Minor dampstaining in upper left and right corners. Original centerfold. Blank on verso. Platemark visible. Wide margins.