Map of the United States in North America: with the British, French and Spanish Dominions adjoining, according to the Treaty of 1783.
1783 (dated) 16.25 x 20.25 in (41.275 x 51.435 cm)
1 : 6500000
After nine years of war between the mother country and its American colonies, this first edition 1783 Thomas Kitchin map of the United States is one of the earliest obtainable English printed maps that names and recognizes the newly independent United States of America. The map depicts the nascent country from just west of the Mississippi River to the Atlantic Ocean and from Hudson Bay to New Orleans and the Gulf of Mexico. Unique geography catches the viewer's attention, with Pennsylvania occupying a fair portion of southern New York and Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia stretching from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River. Myriad cities, towns, and villages are labeled, including Philadelphia, New York, Boston, Newport, Baltimore, Charleston, and Savannah. Native American tribes are referenced, including the Iroquois, Miami, Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, and Choctaw. Important coastal locations, such as Cape Cod, Boston Harbor, Delaware Bay, Chesapeake Bay, Cape May, Cape Hatteras, and Cape Fear are also identified. All five Great Lakes are labeled and rivers, lakes, and mountains are noted.
Publication History and CensusThis map was created by. Thomas Kitchin and published by Thomas Cadell in 1783. The first edition is identifiable by the presence of Cadell's imprint below the bottom border which was removed on subsequent editions. The OCLC records examples in the collections of Princeton University, Cornell, the Osher Map Library at the University of Southern Maine, the University of Michigan, the Wisconsin Historical Society, the University of Florida, and the University of South Florida.
Thomas Kitchin (August 4, 1718 – June 23, 1784) was a London based engraver, cartographer, and publisher. He was born in London to a hat-dyer of the same name. At 14, Kitchin apprenticed under Emanuel Bowen, under whom he mastered the art of engraving. He married Bowen daughter, Sarah Bowen, and later inherited much of his preceptor's prosperous business. Their son, Thomas Bowen Kitchin, also an engraver joined the family business, which thereafter published in Thomas Kitchin and Son. From 1858 or so Kitchin was the engraver to the Duke of York, and from about 1773 acquired the title, 'Royal Hydrographer to King George III.' He is responsible for numerous maps published in the The Star, Gentleman's Magazine, and London Magazine, as well as partnering with, at various times, with Thomas Jefferys, Emmanuel Bowen, Thomas Hinton, Issac Tayor, Andrew Dury, John Rocque, Louis de la Rochette, and Alexander Hogg, among others. Kitchin passed his business on to his son, Thomas Bowen Kitchin, who continued to republish many of his maps well after his death. Kitchin's apprentices included George Rollos, Bryant Lodge, Thomas Bowen Kitchin, Samuel Turner Sparrow, John Page, and Francis Vivares.
Thomas Cadell the elder (November 12, 1742 - December 27, 1802) was an English publisher and bookseller. Born in Bristol, Cadell was apprenticed to a London bookseller named Andrew Millar in March 1758, and became Millar's partner in April 1765 after finishing his seven-year apprenticeship. He took over the business with the help of Millar's assistant following Millar's death in 1768. Not only was Cadell a successful bookseller, but he also found success in publishing, publishing poetry by Robert Burns, and works by jurist William Blackstone, economist Adam Smith, and Edward Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Cadell married the daughter of Reverend Thomas Jones on April 1, 1769, with whom he had two children, a son and a daughter. Cadell retired in 1793 and his son, Thomas Cadell the younger (1773 - 1836), took over the business. Cadell died at home of an asthma attack on December 27, 1802.
Very good. Even overall toning. Slight loss along bottom margin. Blank on verso.