Vue Générale de Paris. Prise de la colonne de Juillet. (Sud-Est.)
1845 (undated) 13.75 x 18 in (34.925 x 45.72 cm)
This is a c. 1845 Nicolas Chapuy view of Paris. The view looks west over the City of Light with the Place de la Bastille and the Colonne de Juillet in the foreground. The Canal Saint Martin crosses beneath the Place de la Bastille in the foreground, with the Rue Saint-Antoine and the Boulevard Beaumarchais leading away from the column. The Place des Vosges, the square of houses surrounding a park, can be seen just behind the Colonne de Juillet and was the first planned square in Paris. Further along the Rue Saint-Antoine, the Église Saint-Gervais is illustrated, just across the Seine from Notre Dame. The Louvre and the Tuileries Gardens are also discernable, as are Les Invalides and the Panthéon (along the left border). Numerous other churches are included throughout Paris. The bridges of the Seine are beautifully illustrated. In the distance, practically on the horizon, the recently completed Arc de Triomphe is visible, but only just.
Publication History and CensusThis view was drawn by Nicolas Chapuy, lithographed by Aubrun and Jacottet, and printed by the Lemercier firm. It was published by Lemière c. 1845.
Nicolas-Marie-Joseph Chapuy (1790 - July 23, 1858) was a French lithographer who specialized in works depicting monuments. Born in Paris, Chapuy attended the prestigious École polytechnique with designs of being a marine engineer. However, when his Bonapartist views came to light, he never received a posting. A fortuitous meeting with Théodore de Jolimont (February 8, 1787 - October 27, 1854) led Chapuy to a job as Jolimont's assistant on a series named French Cathedrals Drawn As They Are (Cathédrales françaises dessinées d'après nature). This project would become a lifelong endeavor for Chapuy, one that he pursued with Jolimont, on his own, and with his own students. Chapuy was known not only for his lithographs of cathedrals, but monuments in Paris and all over France. Chapuy died in Paris on July 23, 1858.
Rose-Joseph Lemercier (June 29, 1803 - 1887) was a French photographer, lithographer, and printer. One of the most important Parisian lithographers of the 19th century, Lemercier was born in Paris into a family of seventeen children. His father was a basket maker, and he even began working as a basket maker at the age of fifteen, but Lemercier was drawn to lithography and printing and soon entered into an apprenticeship with Langlumé, where he worked from 1822 until 1825. After working for a handful of other printers, Lemercier started his own firm in 1828 at 2, rue Pierre Sarrazin with only one printing press. He subsequently moved a few more times before arriving at 57, rue de Seine, where he founded the printing firm Lemercier and Company. Lemercier created the firm Lemercier, Bénard and Company in 1837 with Jean François Bénard. Lemercier bought out Bénard's share in the firm in 1843 and, since his two sons died at a young age, he decided to bring his nephew Alfred into the business beginning in 1862, who would progressively take on more and more responsibility in running the firm. Between 1850 and 1870, Lemercier's firm was the largest lithographic company in Paris. The firm began to decline in prestige in the early 1870s, and, after Lemercier's death in 1887, its descent only quickened. It is unclear when the firm closed, but Alfred directed the firm until his death in 1901.
Very good. Even overall toning. Light soiling and foxing. Loss to lower margin corners. Blank on verso.
LOC PGA - Lemiere--Vue génerale de Paris... (B size) [P&P]