1814 Thomson Map of the West Indies and Central America

WestIndies3-thomson-1814
$600.00
West Indies.
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1814 Thomson Map of the West Indies and Central America

WestIndies3-thomson-1814

Wonderfully detailed map of the West Indies.
$600.00

Title


West Indies.
  1814 (undated)    20.5 x 24.5 in (52.07 x 62.23 cm)     1 : 8000000

Description


This is a fascinating 1814 map of the West Indies and Central America by the Edinburgh cartographer John Thomson. It covers from the Carolinas south through Texas, Mexico and Central America to the northern part of South America as well as Venezuela and the Orinoco Delta. It includes all of the West Indies including the Caribbean and the Greater and Lesser Antilles. Wonderful details with notations on both physical and political features, as well as undersea elements, banks, and shoals. Several American Indian tribes in both North and South America are noted. This map is magnificent in size, beautiful in color, and high in detail. Issued for the 1817 edition of Thomson's New General Atlas

Cartographer


John Thomson (1777 - 1837) was a Scottish cartographer, publisher and bookbinder active in Edinburgh during the early part of the 19th century. Thomson apprenticed under Edinburgh bookbinder Robert Alison. After his apprenticeship he briefly went into business with Abraham Thomson. Later the two parted ways, John Thomson seguing into maps and Abraham Thomson taking over the bookbinding portion of the business. Thomson is generally one of the leading masters of the Edinburgh school of cartography which flourished from roughly 1800 to 1830. Thomson and his contemporaries (Pinkerton and Cary) redefined European cartography by abandoning typical 18th century decorative elements such as elaborate title cartouches and fantastic beasts in favor of detail and accuracy. Thomson's principle works include Thomson's New General Atlas, published from 1814 to 1821, the New Classical and Historical Atlas of 1829, and his 1830 Atlas of Scotland. The Atlas of Scotland, a work of groundbreaking detail and dedication would eventually bankrupt the Thomson firm in 1830, at which time their plates were sized.. The firm momentarily recovered in the subsequent years allowing Thomson to recover his printing plates in 1831, but filed again for bankruptcy in 1835, at which time most of his printing plates were sold to A. K. Johnston and company. Today Thomson maps are becoming increasingly rare as they are highly admired for their monumental size, vivid hand coloration, and superb detail.

Source


Thomson, J. A New General Atlas, (Edinburgh) 1817.     Thomson's New General Atlas was first published in 1817 and continued to be published until about 1821. This is the first of Thomson's major cartographic works and the atlas for which is most celebrated. The New General Atlas follows in the Edinburgh School, which eschews excessive decoration in favor of a more minimalistic fact-based cartographic vision, as established by John Pinkerton, Laurie and Whittle, John Cary, and others in the previous decades. The maps are notable for their massive scale, heavy stock, elegant color work, and easy-to-read typefaces. Although the atlas stopped being published after 1821, Thomson continued to offer 'supplementary' maps that could be tipped into the atlas as late as 1830, when he declared bankruptcy. The maps in the Thomson Atlas were engraved by Thomas Clerk, William Dassauville, Nathaniel Rogers Hewitt, James Kirkwood, Robert Kirkwood, John Menzies, George Menzies, Edward Mitchell, John Moffatt, Samuel John Neele, Robert Scott, and James Wyld.

Condition


Very good. Minor toning and verso repair along original centerfold.

References


Rumsey 1007.066.