1588 Munster Map of the World

World-munster-1588
$1,500.00
Die erst General Tafel / Die Beschreibung und den Circkel des gantzen Erdtrichs und Deeres innhaltend.
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1588 Munster Map of the World

World-munster-1588

An impressive early map of the world.

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Title


Die erst General Tafel / Die Beschreibung und den Circkel des gantzen Erdtrichs und Deeres innhaltend.
  1588 (undated)    13 x 15 in (33.02 x 38.1 cm)     1 : 115400000

Description


An attractive example of Sebastian Munster's 1588 map of the world. Munster presents us with an expansive view the world with a number of interested cartographic features. Along the bottom of the map the dramatic unknown southern continent (Terra Australis Nondum Congnita) stretches to include the discovered lands of Tierra de Fuego and what appears to be a proto-Australia. South America bears the characteristic western budge in the vicinity of Chile that appeared on many early maps. The cartographer also maps a impressive and seemingly navigable northwest and northeast passages.

In North America Florida, had Nova Francia are identified as re they mythic kingdoms of Anian (from Polo) and Quivara. IN South America the Amazon River and the Rio de la Plata are clearly identifiable. Arica id drawn on th Ptolemaic model with the Nile terminating in two (I this case three) large lakes. The Niger, extending from the west, is separated from the Nile by an impressive mountain range. In Asia, Japan and the Chinese city of Quinsai are noted. The landmass that appears to represent some sort or Pre-discovery knowledge of Australia is an amalgam of a misconstrued Java and legends from the diaries of Marco Polo.

The map is oval in form and surrounded by elaborate vine and leave engraving. German text appears above and below the map proper describing the lands contained. The verso contains German text describing the earth. The title appears over the map in German text of a Gothic ethic.

This 1588 map was engraved in woodcut and published in Basel by Sebastian Petri. After 1588, this map was only re-published in posthumous German editions of Sebastian Munster's Cosmographia issued in 1592, 1598, 1614, and 1628, and is thus rare.

CartographerS


Sebastian Münster (January 20, 1488 - May 26 1552), was a German cartographer, cosmographer, and a Hebrew scholar. Münster was born at Ingelheim near Mainz, the son of Andreas Munster. He completed his studies at the Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen in 1518, after which he was appointed to the University of Basel in 1527. As Professor of Hebrew, he edited the Hebrew Bible, accompanied by a Latin translation. His principal work, the Cosmographia, first issued in 1544, was the earliest German description of the world. The book proved popular and was reissued in numerous editions and languages including Latin, French, Italian, English, and Czech. The last German edition was published in 1628, long after his death. The Cosmographia was one of the most successful and popular books of the 16th century. It passed through 24 editions in 100 years. This success was due to the fascinating woodcuts (some by Hans Holbein the Younger, Urs Graf, Hans Rudolph Manuel Deutsch, and David Kandel). Munster's work was highly influential in reviving classical geography in 16th century Europe. In 1540 he published a Latin edition of Ptolemy's Geographia, also with illustrations. The 1550 edition contains cities, portraits, and costumes. These editions, printed in Germany, are the most valued of the Cosmographia. Münster also wrote the Dictionarium trilingue in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew and composed a large format map of Europe in 1536. In 1537 he published a Hebrew Gospel of Matthew which he had obtained from Spanish Jews he had converted. Most of Munster's work was published by his son-in-Law, Heinrich Petri (Henricus Petrus), and his son Sebastian Henric Petri. He died at Basel of the plague in 1552.


Heinrich Petri (1508 - 1579) and his son Sebastian Henric Petri (1545 – 1627) were printers based in Basel, Switzerland. Heinrich was the son of the printer Adam Petri and Anna Selber. After Adam died in 1527, Anna married the humanist and geographer Sebastian Munster - one of Adam's collaborators. Sebastian contracted his son-in-law, Henricus Petri (Petrus), to print editions of his wildly popular Cosmographia. Later Petri, brought his son, Sebastian Henric Petri, into the family business. Their firm was known as the Officina Henricpetrina. In addition to the Cosmographia, they also published a number of seminal other works including the 1566 second edition of Nicolaus Copernicus's De revolutionibus orbium coelestium and Georg Joachim Rheticus's Narratio .

Source


Munster, S., Cosmographica, (Sebastain Petri, Basel) 1588.     The Cosmographia was first issued by Sebastian Munster (1488 1552) in 1544. It is considered the earliest German description of the world. In order to produce the Cosmographia Munster put out a call to scholars throughout Germany for cartographic information. The response must have been impressive, especially with regard to far off destinations, for it enabled Munster to compile a work of unprecedented scope and accuracy. The volume proved to be one of the most popular and enduring volumes of the 16th century, appearing in some 24 editions over the next 100 years. The Cosmographia typically consisted of six volumes, each dedicated to a different part of the world. The final edition was issued in 1628, long after Munster himself had passed on.

Condition


Good. Some centerfold damage and repair.

References


Shirley, Rodney W., The Mapping of the World: Early Printed World Maps 1472-1700, #163.