1897 Garcia Cubas Map of Zacatecas

Zacatecas. - Main View

1897 Garcia Cubas Map of Zacatecas


Land of mines and mountains.


  1897 (dated)     17.5 x 16 in (44.45 x 40.64 cm)     1 : 1200000


A splendid map of Zacatecas state, Mexico, produced in 1897 for the Atlas Geográfico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. Among other features, it highlights the prevalence of mining in the state.
A Closer Look
Zacatecas state is displayed with its administrative divisions made clear with color shading. Cities, towns, haciendas, ranchos, roads, railways, and waterways (such as they are) are indicated. The main railway seen here, the Ferrocarril Central Mexicano, opened in 1884, linking Mexico City to Ciudad Juárez and the U.S. rail network thereafter. Mines are also labeled throughout, reflecting the state's dominant industry. Neighboring states, cities, and other features are included, with Aguascalientes being small enough to fit entirely within this map of Zacatecas. As with other maps in the Atlas Geográfico, the Prime Meridian is fixed at Mexico City.
Publication History and Census
This map was published in Mexico City in 1897 by Vega y Cie. It is based on the 1887 work of Antonio García Cubas, and was updated with additional border work for the 1897 issue of the Atlas Geográfico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. The atlas is represented in several institutional collections but is extremely scarce on the market. The individual maps, likewise, are scarce to the market.


Antonio Garcia y Cubas (July 24, 1832 - February 9, 1912) was a Mexican cartographer, writer, engineer, and geographer active in Mexico City in the second half of the 19th and the early 20th centuries. He is considered Mexico's first great geographer. Garcia y Cubas was born in Mexico City. He was orphaned at birth and was raised by is aunt. When he turned 18, he enrolled in the Dirección General de Industria, a government sponsored technical school. There he studied engineering and geography, which he further pursued at the Colegio de San Gregorio, Colegio de Ingenieros. He graduated with honors in geography and from 1856, became a member of the Sociedad Mexicana de Geografía y Estadística. His geographical work earned him the Order of Guadalupe, a Mexican second empire honorific, directly from the Emperor Maximillian. He published several atlases, including his important Atlas Geográfico, Estadístico e Histórico de la República Mexicana, and multiple decorative chromolithograph Atlas Pintoresco e Históricos covering Mexico, Cuba, Spain, and elsewhere. Today his work is scarce and highly desirable. More by this mapmaker...


García Cubas, Antonio, Atlas Geográfico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, (Mexico City: Vega) 1897.     Atlas Geográfico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos is a grand-format folio atlas of Mexico. It is based largely upon the Atlas Geográfico y Estadístico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos published in 1887 by Antonio García Cubas and Debray. The present atlas incorporates the same maps, but adds a dramatic silver and gold border, which obscures the 1886 García Cubas imprint. It was issued during Porfirio Díaz's third term as president of Mexico - a period marked by rapid expansion of infrastructure and industry, including railroads, mines, bridges, roads, and broad scale electrification and waterworks. The atlases title page in this 1897 edition, celebrates Diaz with a large portrait and dedication. We have identified at least two editions of this atlas, both bearing the 1897 date: one by Cadena y Cie, features a red title page, another by Vega y Cie, featuring a blue title page. All 1897 editions we have identified have the silver borders, but these seem to be overprinted to cover an earlier gold border, with unidentifiable text and dating behind. We have been unable to find any examples with only the gold border. The atlases in general are showpieces of Mexican lithography in the golden age of the Porfiriato.


Good. Verso repairs to centerfold separations.


Rumsey 5758.018 (1886 edition).