Map of the State of Maine.
64.25 x 62.5 in (163.195 x 158.75 cm)
1 : 316800
An impressive large-scale 1862 Civil War era wall map of Maine by Henry Francis Walling and Jacob Chace Jr. This the first major map of Maine to follow the 1844 map of Jeremiah Greenleaf. The cartographers, who for years had been issuing city and county maps of Maine, offer impressive detail throughout. Cities illustrated via inset include Portland, Calais, Presque Isle, Houlton, Ellsworth, Bangor, Eastport, Machias, Bath, Farmington, Dover and Foxcroft, Paris Hill, Skowhegan, Waterville, Hallowell, Wiscasset, Gardiner, Augusta, Waldboro, Brunswick, Thomaston, Rockland, Auburn and Lewiston, and Saco and Biddeford. Additional insets highlight the United States as a whole - reflecting the Civil War Confederate state of Arizona -, the world, and charts denoting distances and the relative heights of great mountains.
Publication History and CensusThis map was compiled by Walling and Chase with the assistance of M. Clemens and T. W. Baker. It was engraved by W. Hatfield. The large inset ma of the United States is attributed to D. Griffing Johnson. We note examples of this map in several major collections, but examples in exceptional condition, as here, are rare to the market.
Henry Francis Walling (June 11, 1825 - April 8, 1889) was an American civil engineer, cartographer, surveyor, and map publisher active from the middle to late 19th century. Walling was born in Providence, Rhode Island. He studied / worked at the Providence Athenaeum before discovering a talent for mathematics and surveying. Walling took a position with Samuel Barrett Cushing, a Providence based civil engineer with whom he issued in 1846 a revision of James Steven's Topographical Map of the State of Rhode-Island. Walling established himself independently around 1850 and immediately began preparing a series of town plans focusing on Bristol County, near Providence. Buoyed by popular interest in his plans, Walling expanded his operations to Massachusetts where, by 1857, he had produced no less than 50 town plans. Apparently Walling's business model involved a contract with town officials to produce a certain number of maps after which he acquired the right to print and sell additional copies on his own account. This work eventually led to Walling's appointment as Massachusetts "Superintendent of the State Map", a designation that begins appearing on his maps around 1855. While Walling's work focused heavily on city and county maps, he did successfully publish three scarce state maps: Maine, Vermont, and Rhode Island. In 1856 Walling relocated his headquarters to New York City where he had better access to quality lithographers. The Civil War proved difficult for Walling and diminished sales may have forced him into a partnership with Ormando W. Gray, with whom he published numerous state, county, and national atlases in the 1860s and 1870s. Around 1880 Walling took a post with the U.S. Coast Survey with whom he worked on various charts until requesting a transfer in 1883 to the newly formed U.S. Geological Survey. Walling remained with the Geological Survey until his untimely death of a heart attack in April of 1889. Learn More...
Jacob Chace Jr. (January 27, 1819 - February 18, 1903) was an American surveyor, civil engineer, and map publisher. Born in North Hoosick, New York, Chace became one of the most prolific creators and publishers of county maps of the northeastern United States in the mid-19th century. He was involved in the production of large-format county maps, published mostly between 1854 and 1860. Many of these counties were in Maine, but he also produced maps of Vermont and New York. The historical record is unclear about when Chace died. Many references state that he died in 1864 while Ambrose F. Church was working for him to create a map of Nova Scotia. However, references to a Jacob Chace surveying towns for maps of Virginia and North Carolina appear in newspaper columns in the 1870s and 1880s. Another discrepancy appears to be that Chace apparently used the last name Chase from time to time. He also had siblings that spelled their last name Chase. This flexibility in spelling also may account for the inconsistencies in the historical record. Per our research, Chace died in Omaha, Nebraska, on February 18, 1903. Learn More...
D. Griffing Johnson (fl. c. 1831 – c. 1862) is a most mysterious but significant American mapmaker active in New York during the decades preceding the American Civil War. Our knowledge of him is scant and even his first name is a mystery. What we know is that D. Griffing Johnson was an engraver active in New York in the first half of the 19th century. His earliest maps date to the 1840s (although he may have engraved a map of Portland, Maine, as early as 1831). At some point we know that D. Griffing Johnson headed west. The only record of his actual westward journey is that one 'D. G. Johnson' (our guy?) traveled to California or Oregon with a missionary party in 1839. We know for a fact that Johnson was at Sutter’s Mill when gold was discovered in 1848 though he must have returned to New York shortly afterward to issue his important map of North America. D. Griffing Johnson’s first map work with Colton was in 1846 or 1847 and his first work with A. J. Johnson was in 1854. In 1855 he had an office at 7 Nassau Street, New York. Regarding D. G. Johnson’s disappearance c. 1860 – 62 we can only speculate, however, that it related to the outset of the Civil War is likely. Most references to individuals of this name (there are several including a Dickson and a David) are from southern families hailing from Mississippi, Louisiana and Virginia. One such individual, Dickson G. Johnson is known to have died in a battle near Richmond in 1862. Learn More...
Very good. Full professional restoration.
Rumsey 152.000. Phillips (America) p. 385.