This is a 1794 Bryan Edwards and John Stockdale map of Dominica. Roseau, Dominica's capital, is labeled here as Charlotte Town, likely a British to stifle French influence. Bays, points, and other coastal landmarks are identified, and rivers are illustrated. The island's parishes are also labeled.
A Short History of 18th Century DominicaDominica was one of the most disputed islands in the Caribbean during the late-18th century. France established the first colony on the island in 1690. The French lost the island to a British invasion in 1761, and formally ceded Dominica to Britain in 1763 under the terms of the Treaty of Paris. Then, in 1778, during the American Revolution, the French launched an unsuccessful bid to recapture Dominica, which was formally returned to the British by the 1783 Treaty of Paris. The French invaded two more times, in 1795 and 1805, but never managed to regain control.
Publication History and CensusThis map was created by Bryan Edwards for publication in his book The History Civil and Commercial of the British Colonies of the West Indies and published by John Stockdale in 1794. Five examples are cataloged in OCLC and are part of the institutional collections at the National Library of Scotland, the State Library of Victoria, the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich, The British Library, and the University of the West Indies on Trinidad and Tobago.
Bryan Edwards (May 21, 1743 - July 15 or 16, 1800) was a British politician and colonial administrator active in the later part of the 18th century. Born in Westbury, England, Edwards lost his father at 13 years of age. His education was subsequently taken over by his uncle, Zachary Bayly, a wealthy merchant based in Jamaica. This would turn out to have a profound influence on Edwards. When Bayly died in the 1770s, Edwards inherited his uncle's substantial wealth and quickly rose to a position of prominence in the Colonial Assembly of Jamaica. Raised in the plantation culture of Jamaica, Edwards used his wealth and influence to advocate for the continuation of the slave trade. Despite being politically misguided, Edwards was regarded with respect by both his colleagues and opponents. During his long tenure in the West Indies, Edwards wrote a number of histories and administrative studies, many of which featured important cartographic works and offered an illuminating view of the British colonies in the region. He is also known to have returned to England on several occasions where he repeatedly attempted and failed to acquire a seat in Parliament. Eventually, he was elected to represent the Cornish borough of Grampond, though the election itself may have been corrupt. Edwards was also secretary of the Association of Promoting the Discovery of the Interior Parts of Africa. In this capacity, he wrote of the first known account of the travels of Mungo Park in Africa.
John Stockdale (March 25, 1750 - June 21, 1814) was an English book and map publisher active in London in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Stockdale, born in Caldbeck, England, was trained by his father in the family trade of blacksmithing. Blacksmithing must not have been his cup of tea, for as soon as he was able, he left this trade in favor of a number of minor service positions, working at various times as a porter and a valet. One such position put him in the service of the bookseller John Almon. Having learnt the book trade by observing Almon, Stockdale opened his own bookshop and began publishing various historic and scientific works. Fellow publishers, perhaps reacting to his social status at birth, wrote of him, "being a man of natural parts, he soon became conspicuous in business in spite of much eccentricity of conduct and great coarseness of manners." Never quite accepted in the trade, Stockdale's fellow London publishers derogatorily referred to him as "The Bookselling Blacksmith". Nonetheless, Stockdale had a number of important works to his name, including several geographies, most notably the 1794American Geography 1794 and, with John Cary, the 1805 New British Atlas.
Edwards, Bryan, The History Civil and Commercial of the British Colonies of the West Indies, 1800.
Very good. Exhibits light offsetting.