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1865 Schultze Map of Fort Fisher at Pleasure Island, North Carolina

FortFisherVicinity-schultze-1865
$250.00
Sketch of Vicinity of Fort Fisher.
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1865 Schultze Map of Fort Fisher at Pleasure Island, North Carolina

FortFisherVicinity-schultze-1865

The site of the most decisive battle of the American Civil War fought in North Carolina.

SOLD

Title


Sketch of Vicinity of Fort Fisher.
  1865 (dated)    15 x 10.25 in (38.1 x 26.035 cm)     1 : 12000

Description


This is an 1865 separate issue Otto Julian Schultze map of Fort Fisher and the immediate vicinity, a Confederate fort situated along the Cape Fear River on Federal Point, now Pleasure Island, North Carolina. The Battle of Fort Fisher, which occurred in December 1864 and January 1865, was the most decisive Civil War battle fought in the state of North Carolina. The map depicts most of Pleasure Island with the Cape Fear River on the left and the Atlantic Ocean on the right. Illustrating Fort Fisher and its vicinity, the original land defense line, along with the 9-foot tall stake fence constructed in from of the walls, are situated near the top of the map. Inside the walls, the roads to the fort itself are illustrated and the commissary and hospital are labeled, since they were located outside the fort. Fort Buchanan, also known as Battery Buchanan, located at the furthest tip of the island, is illustrated and labeled as well. An inset map of Fort Buchanan is included along the left side.

Fort Fisher and the American Civil War

Fort Fisher was constructed on its site due to its proximity to Wilmington, North Carolina. Wilmington was one of the most important ports in the Confederacy, and has cities such as Norfolk, Virginia and Mobile, Alabama fell to Union forces, Fort Fisher's importance only increased. The approach to Wilmington along the Cape Fear River was guarded by several Confederate batteries and forts, in an effort to protect the blockade runners that supplied the Confederacy. The Union army made two efforts to capture the fort. The first, led by Major General Benjamin Butler in December 1864, was unsuccessful. But the second, led by Major General Alfred Terry in January 1865, captured the fort and secured the surrender of all Confederate forces stationed there after six hours of fierce fighting. By capturing Fort Fisher, the Union severed the trade route to Wilmington, and the supply lines to General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Wilmington was captured in late February 1865 and the war officially ended two months later.

This map was drawn by Otto Julian Schultze, a private in the 15th New York Volunteer Engineers under the direction of Brevet Brigadier General Cyrus Ballou Comstock in 1865.

Cartographer


Cyrus Ballou Comstock (February 3, 1831 - May 29, 1910) was an officer in the Army of the United States. Born in Wrentham, Massachusetts, Comstock attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, from which he graduated first in his class in 1855. After graduating, Comstock served in the Army Corps of Engineers and he assisted with the design and construction of fortifications. Before the American Civil War, Comstock also held a post as an instructor of engineering at West Point. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Comstock was transferred from West Point to Washington, D.C., where ehe served on the staff of Brigadier General John G. Barnard, and helped design the fortifications of Washington. During General McClellan's Peninsular Campaign in 1862, Comstock served as chief engineer of the II Corps. Then, after Burnside succeeded McClellan, Comstock was named the Chief Engineer of the Army of the Potomac. In this position he was faced with the challenging task of constructing pontoon bridges over the Rappahannock River during the Fredericksburg Campaign, which ended in disaster. Due to logistical confusion, the supplies necessary for the construction of pontoon bridges did not arrive at the correct location on time. In the course of the month-long wait for supplies, the Union army lost the element of surprise and the Confederates were able to dig in at Fredericksburg, Virginia. When General Hooker took over command of the Army of the Potomac in 1863, Comstock was removed from his position as chief engineer and was put in charge of a battalion of engineers. After the Battle of Chancellorsville, Comstock was transferred to the Army of the Tennessee, which was in the middle of the Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, at the time. He set about improving the Union siege works, and impressed General Grant. Due to the impression he left on General Grant, Comstock was asked to served as Grant's senior aide-de-camp after he was appointed general-in-chief of the United States Army in March 1864. Comstock served on Grant's staff until the end of the war, but would be sent to help with several key operations before the end of the war. Grant sent Comstock to North Carolina to help plan the second (and successful) assault on Fort Fisher in January 1865 where he served under the command of Major General Alfred Terry. After the war, Comstock stayed in the army and served on Grant's staff until 1866, when he returned to the Corps of Engineers. He remained on active duty until 1895 and retired with the rank of colonel. In his post-war service he held positions on several boards and commissions, including the Permanent Board of Engineers in New York City, the geodetic survey of the north and northwestern lakes of the United States, and as president of the Mississippi River Commission for many years. Comstock was also a prominent member fo the National Academy of Sciences, bequeathing funds for a prize that the Academy was to award to a scientist who was conducting innovative work in the fields of electricity, magnetism, or radiant energy. Today, this prize is known as the Comstock Prize in Physics, and is awarded every five years by the Academy with a prize of $20,000. Comstock married Elizabeth 'Minnie' Blair in 1869, which whom he had one daughter, Elizabeth Marion Comstock, who was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1872

Condition


Very good. Light toning. Blank on verso.

References


LOC G3904.F62S5 1865 .S3. Stephenson, R. W., Civil War Maps; an Annotated List of Maps and Atlases in Map Collections of the Library of Congress, 314. OCLC 55024487.
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