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1858 Tobler City Plan or Map of Jerusalem and Environs

Plan of the Town and Environs of Jerusalem Constructed From the English Ordnance Survey and Measurements of Dr. T. Tobler. - Main View

1858 Tobler City Plan or Map of Jerusalem and Environs


'The crowning achievement of fifty years of exploration and research in the geography of Palestine' -Yehoshua Ben-Arieh


Plan of the Town and Environs of Jerusalem Constructed From the English Ordnance Survey and Measurements of Dr. T. Tobler.
  1858 (dated)     26.25 x 33 in (66.675 x 83.82 cm)     1 : 4843


Considered to be the most accurate map of Jerusalem published at the time, this is Charles William Meredith van de Velde's 1858 city plan or map of Jerusalem and its environs. Presenting the region in exceptional detail, the map covers from the Tombs of the Martyrs to Mount of Olives and from the Tomb of Simon the Just to the Hill of Evil Counsel. Important sites are labeled throughout, with the Dome of the Rock, the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, and the Church of the Tomb of the Virgin among them, and a further fifty-one sites are numerically identified and correspond with an index situated along the left border. Relief is indicated by hachure.
Creating Van de Velde's Map of Jerusalem
Van de Velde's work combined survey data collected by the British Royal Engineers in 1840, Titus Tobler during his expeditions to Palestine, and measurements he executed on his own during his 1851 trip to the region. Van de Velde conducted his own additional survey work using only a 7-inch compass. Van de Velde and Titus Tobler met in Switzerland in 1855 and the pair agreed to publish a new map of Jerusalem combining their data with the aim of correcting the known flaws in the map published by the Royal Engineers in 1840-41. When Van de Velde set about drafting this piece, he incorporated raw data from the Royal Engineers' expedition, while cross-comparing it with his own measurements and personal knowledge. Yehoshua Ben-Arieh, an Israeli geographer who specializes in historical geography of the Middle East has called Van de Velde's maps 'the crowning achievement of fifty years of exploration and research in the geography of Palestine'.
Publication History and Census
This map was created by Charles William Meredith Van de Velde and published in 1858 by Justus Perthes. At the time of publication, it is accompanied by a twenty-six-page memoir by Tobler. The OCLC catalogs thirteen examples that are part of institutional collections worldwide, including the New York Public Library, Yale University, the Osher Map Library and the University of Southern Maine, and the National Library of Israel. We have found a reference suggesting only 612 examples of this map were published.


Charles William Meredith van de Velde (December 3, 1818 - March 20, 1898) was a Dutch cartographer, painter, missionary, lieutenant commander second class, and honorary member of the Red Cross. Born in Leeuwarden, Van de Velde was educated at the Naval Academy at Medemblik and earned the rank of lieutenant commander second class. He worked in the topographical office in Batavia (modern-day Jakarta) from 1830 until 1841 and was eventually appointed the office's director. He published the 1857 Faces of the Dutch East Indies about his time in Batavia. The work was illustrated by fifty plates of his own composition. He was forced to return to Europe in 1844 due to health concerns, but visited Ceylon (Sri Lanka), the Transvaal, and the Cape of Good Hope during the voyage. Once back in Europe, Van de Velde devoted himself to geographic, ethnographic, and cartographic pursuits, and also worked as a missionary, draftsman, and nurse. He visited Palestine in 1851 and undertook measurements and made drawings that he used to publish two maps in 1857 through Justus Perthes. He published a work on Palestine and Syria in 1857 in Paris (written in French) that contained 100 of his illustrations. Van de Velde worked with the Dutch Red Cross from its inception in 1863 and was present at the opening conference in Geneva that year. The following year he was sent to Denmark to help treat soldiers wounded during the Prussian-Austrian War, and six years later was called to France to work with the Dutch doctors treating soldiers wounded during the Franco-Prussian War. Van de Velde died in Menton, France on March 20, 1898. Learn More...

Titus Tobler (July 25, 1806 - January 21, 1877) was a Swiss Palestine and dialect researcher, writer, journalist, and doctor. Born in Stein, Tobler attended the cantonal school in Trogen before studying medicine in Zurich, Vienna, Wurzburg, and Paris. He started practicing medicine in Teufen, Switzerland in 1827. Tobler is mainly remembered for his work concerning Palestine. He first visited palestine in 1835 and published his travelogues from that rip in two volumes in 1839. He subsequently visited Palestine in 1845, 1857, and 1865. At the time, he was known as one of the preeminent connoisseurs of Palestinian literature. In 1876, Tobler published Bibliographica geographica Palaestinae, a compilation of all known and unprinted sources on Palestine and probably his greatest achievement. Aside from his work concerning Palestine, Tobler published an educational book in 1830, and was a member of the National Council from 1854 until 1857. He moved to Munich in 1871 where he devoted himself to research until his death in 1877. Learn More...

Johan Georg Justus Perthes (September 11, 1749 - May 2, 1816) was one of the most important German cartographic engravers of the 19th century. He was born in the Thuringian town of Rudolstadt, the son of a court physician. In 1778, he began working as a bookseller in Gotha. Perthes began his publishing empire shortly thereafter with the 1784 issue of the famed survey of European nobility known as the Almanac de Gotha. In the next year, 1785, he founded the cartographic firm of Justus Perthes Geographische Anstalt Gotha. His son Wilhelm Perthes (1793 - 1853) joined the firm in 1814. Wilhelm had prior publishing experience at the firm of Justus Perthes' nephew, Friedrich Christoph Perthes, who ran a publishing house in Hamburg. After Justus Perthes died in 1816, Wilhelm took charge and laid the groundwork for the firm to become a cartographic publishing titan. From 1817 to 1890. the Perthes firm issued thousands of maps and more than 20 different atlases. Along with the visionary editors Hermann Berghaus (1797 - 1884), Adolph Stieler (1775 - 1836), and Karl Spruner (1803 - 1892), the Perthes firm pioneered the Hand Atlas. When Wilhelm retired, management of the firm passed to his son, Bernhardt Wilhelm Perthes (1821 – 1857). Bernhardt brought on the cartographic geniuses August Heinrich Peterman (1822 - 1878) and Bruno Hassenstein (1839 - 1902). The firm was subsequently passed to a fourth generation in the form of Berhanrd Perthes (1858 – 1919), Bernhard Wilhelm's son. The firm continued in the family until 1953 when, being in East Germany, it was nationalized and run as a state-owned enterprise as VEB Hermann Haack Geographisch-Kartographische Anstalt Gotha. The Justus family, led by Joachim Justus Perthes and his son Wolf-Jürgen Perthes, relocated to Darmstadt where they founded the Justus Perthes Geographische Verlagsanstalt Darmstadt. Learn More...


Very good. Dissected and mounted on original (stable) linen in nine panels. Exhibits slight toning.


OCLC 68922689.