This is an 1870 John Murray map of Manchuria, China - a region that within 20 years would become the stage for a global power struggle between Imperial Japan, Qing China, and Tzarist Russia. The map was drawn to accompany a paper written by Reverend Alexander Williamson and published in The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society. Parallel lines trace Williamson's travels through the region. Cities, towns, and villages are labeled throughout, including Mukden (Shenyang). The region's impressive topography leaps off the page, and its extensive river network is well illustrated. Part of the Willow Palisade (labeled here as Barrier of Stakes or Palisade) appears and traverses a southwest-northeast line through the map's center. The Willow Palisade, a system of embankments and ditches planted with willows, was built by the Qing in the late 17th century and separated traditionally Manchu areas from Mongol territory.
Alexander Williamson and ManchuriaAlexander Williamson (December 5, 1829 - September 1890) was a Scottish Protestant missionary and member of the London Missionary Society, who spent years working, studying, and traveling in China. After attending Glasgow University, where he completed his theological studies, he applied to the London Missionary Society mission to China. Williamson traveled through Manchuria three times in the 1860s.
Publication History and CensusThis map was engraved by Edward Stanton and published by John Murray for the Royal Geographical Society in Volume 39 of The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society in 1870. An example is part of the institutional collection at Princeton University. This map is not cataloged in OCLC.
John Murray I (1737 - 1793) founded the British publishing firm John Murray (1768 - present) in London. Born in Edinburgh, Murray served as an officer in the Royal Marines and built a list of authors that included Isaac D’Israeli and published the English Review. Murray the elder also was one of the founding sponsors of the London evening newspaper The Star in 1788. John Murray II (November 27 1778 - June 27, 1843) continued the family publishing business and developed it into one of the most important and influential publishing houses in Britain. The list of authors published by the firm grew to include Jane Austen, Sir Walter Scott, Washington Irving, George Crabbe, and Lord Byron under his tenure. Murray II also moved the business to 50 Albermarle Street in Mayfair, which became famous for Murray’s tradition of ‘four o’clock friends’, which was afternoon tea with his writers. John Murray III (1808 - 1892) continued to grow the business, and the firm published the first English translation of Goethe’s Theory of Colours, David Livingstone’s Missionary Travels and Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species during his tenure. Murray also published Herman Melville’s first two books. The firm began publishing Murray Handbooks in 1836, an ancestor of all modern travel guides. Sir John Murray IV (1851 - 1928) was publisher to Queen Victoria. Three successive Murray’s after Murray IV led the business until it was purchased by Hodder Headline in 2002, which was acquired by the French conglomerate Lagardère Group in 2004. Today, Murray is an imprint of Lagardère under the imprint Hachette UK. Learn More...
Edward Stanford (May 27, 1827 - November 3, 1904) was one of the most prolific map publishing firms of the late 19th century. The company began as a partnership in 1848 between the 21 year old Edward Stanford and the established map dealer Trelawney Saunders. By 1853 the partnership had dissolved and Edward Stanford took full control of the business. A subsequent series of expansions and exciting new map issues finally led to the production of Stanford's masterwork, "Stanford's Library Map of London". This map is still available and remains somewhat accurate. At the time of publishing it was hailed by the Royal Geographical Society as "the most perfect map of London that has ever been issued". In 1882 Edward Stanford Sr. passed the firm on to his son, Edward Stanford Jr. who continued in his father's proud tradition. Today the Stanford firm still publishes maps and remains one of the most important and prolific cartographic publishers in the world. Learn More...
Royal Geographical Society (fl. 1830 - present) is a British Society established in 1830 to promote geographical science and exploration. Originally titled the "Geographical Society of London", the RGS received its royal charter from Queen Victoria in 1859 shortly after absorbing several similar but more regional societies including the African Association, the Raleigh Club and the Palestine Association. The RGS sponsored many of the most important and exciting voyages of exploration ever undertaken, including the exploration of Charles Darwin, David Livingstone, Robert Falcon Scott, Richard F. Burton, John Speke, George Hayward, H. M Stanley, Ernest Shackleton and Sir Edmond Hillary. Today, the RGS remains a leading global sponsor of geographical and scientific studies. The Society is based in Lowther Lodge, South Kensington, London. Learn More...
Williamson, A., 'Notes on Manchuria', The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society Vol. 39 (London: John Murray) 1869.
Very good. Exhibits even overall toning and light wear along original fold lines. Bottom right margin extended.
Princeton University Library G7822.M2C2 1870 .R6.