New-York City & County Map with Vicinity entire Brooklyn Williamsburgh Jersey City &c. in the 79th Year of Independence of the United States
c. 1855 (dated)
20 x 32 in (50.8 x 81.28 cm)
An altogether extraordinary 1855 map of New York City issued by map publisher Charles Magnus in commemoration of the Declaration of Independence. Depicts the entirety of Manhattan as well as most of Brooklyn, Bedford, Williamsburgh, Greenpoint, Queens, Ravenswood, Astoria, Jersey City and Hoboken. An inset map at the bottom center shows Long Island. The whole is rendered in extraordinary detail with special attention given to individual streets, blocks, parks and even important buildings. Shows the beginnings of Hunters Point, or Long Island City in Queens. Important ferry crossings, canals, and railroads are also indicated. In Manhattan the maps notates various districts including Manhattanville, Yorkville, and Harlem. Central Park has yet to manifest and though the grid structure above 155th street is ghosted in, it has yet to be officially planned. Where Columbia University stands today this map shows the location of the New York Lunatic Asylum. In Hoboken, Jersey City, and Long Island City, several planned landfills are indicated. Also in Hoboken we see the Elysian Fields, a park expanse along the Hudson River that claims to be the home of the world's first baseball game. At the bottom center of the map a numerically and alphabetically keyed legend notes 'Universities, Colleges and Scientific and Literary, Benevolent-Institutions,' 'Public Buildings' and 'Places of Amusement.' In the lower left there is an inset engraved depiction of New York's City Hall. Steam ships are shown navigating the Hudson River in both the upper right and upper left quadrants. In the Lower right quadrant an elaborate medallion features the full text of the declaration of Independence as well as sigils representing each of the original 13 colonies. The whole is surrounding by a large an attractive arabesque vine motif border. All in all this is one of the finest and most visually appealing maps of New York City to appear in the 19th century.
Charles Magnus (1826 - 1900) was a New York City based stationer, illustrator, bookseller, and map and print publisher active in the middle to late 19th century. Magnus was born in Elberfeld, Germany, as Julian Carl Magnus. Fleeing the March Revolution in Germany, the Magnus family immigrated to New York City in 1848. In New York, Charles' brother Carl Emil had already established himself as the editor of a German weekly newspaper, Deutsche Schnellpost. It was through his brother that Magnus learnt the printing and publishing trade. The earliest work to bear the Magnus inscription dated to the 1850s and includes various pictorial broadsides and maps intended to commemorate important events - the most notable for map enthusiasts being his 1855 map of New York commemorating the '79th Year of Independence of the United States'. During the 1860s and years of the American Civil War, Magnus, through various political connections, became one of the few illustrators with unrestricted access to Union military camps. He is consequently particularly well known for his authentic view of Civil War cities, personages, and events. Following the war, Magnus began to develop a prosperous business creating and selling panoramic city views, song sheets, and patriotic envelopes. In all Charles Magnus, with over 1000 known works, was one of the most prolific American printers of broadsides and other lithographs.
Very good condition. Several expertly excuted margin repairs that do not extend into the printed area of the map. Very light even toning.
Haskell, Daniel Carl, Manhattan Maps; a Co-operative List, 1004