1815 Thomson Map and Chart of the North Atlantic Ocean

Chart of North Atlantic Ocean : with tracks of the shipping to West Indies, North America etc. - Main View

1815 Thomson Map and Chart of the North Atlantic Ocean


Tracks across the Atlantic.


Chart of North Atlantic Ocean : with tracks of the shipping to West Indies, North America etc.
  1815 (dated)     20 x 25 in (50.8 x 63.5 cm)     1 : 22500000


A lovely 1815 map of the Atlantic Ocean, including tracks of recent voyages, produced for the first edition of John Thomson's New General Atlas in 1817. It provides considerable useful information for mariners while also including some speculative features.
A Closer Look
Focusing on the North Atlantic, broadly defined (including the Mediterranean and Caribbean), this chart denotes the routes commonly taken by ships across the ocean, as well as those of recent notable voyages, such as the U.S.S. Insurgent or the track of Horatio Nelson in pursuit of the French fleet commanded by Pierre-Charles Villeneuve in the lead-up to the Battle of Trafalgar.

Soundings, hazards, shoals, and information on winds are provided throughout. Unusually close attention is paid to confirmed and possible small islands, banks, rocks, and other features in the open ocean that might aid navigators. Even some of the features not noted as speculative turned out to be cartographic myths, such as 'St. Matthew Island' near bottom and 'Lake Atelukounipi' in Canada. But on the whole, a detailed and accurate overview of Transatlantic travel in the early 19th century.
Publication History and Census
This map was prepared and engraved in 1815 by J. (likely John) Moffat in Edinburgh for inclusion in the 1817 first edition of John Thomson's New General Atlas. It differs from most other maps in the atlas, which list John Menzies or Samuel John Neele as engraver. The individual listed here appears distinct from James Moffat, another Scottish engraver from Edinburgh, who spent most of his life in India and was known for his prints of daily life in Calcutta. The present map is not independently cataloged in the OCLC, while Thomson's entire atlas is well-represented in institutional collections.


John Thomson (1777 - c. 1841) was a Scottish cartographer, publisher, and bookbinder active in Edinburgh during the early part of the 19th century. Thomson apprenticed under Edinburgh bookbinder Robert Alison. After his apprenticeship he briefly went into business with Abraham Thomson. Later the two parted ways, John Thomson segueing into maps and Abraham Thomson taking over the bookbinding portion of the business. Thomson is generally one of the leading publishers in the Edinburgh school of cartography which flourished from roughly 1800 to 1830. Thomson and his contemporaries (Pinkerton and Cary) redefined European cartography by abandoning typical 18th century decorative elements such as elaborate title cartouches and fantastic beasts in favor of detail and accuracy. Thomson's principle works include Thomson's New General Atlas, published from 1814 to 1821, the New Classical and Historical Atlas of 1829, and his 1830 Atlas of Scotland. The Atlas of Scotland, a work of groundbreaking detail and dedication would eventually bankrupt the Thomson firm in 1830, at which time their plates were sequestered by the court. The firm partially recovered in the subsequent year allowing Thomson to reclaim his printing plates in 1831, but filed again for bankruptcy in 1835, at which time most of his printing plates were sold to A. K. Johnston and Company. There is some suggestion that he continued to work as a bookbinder until 1841. Today, Thomson maps are becoming increasingly rare as they are highly admired for their impressive size, vivid hand coloration, and superb detail. More by this mapmaker...

Baldwin and Cradock (fl. c. 1810 - 1860) were London based publishers working in the early to mid 19th century. They are best known for their publication of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge's ground breaking subscription atlas. They also published John Thomson's magnificent New General Atlas from 1814 - c. 1820. In addition to their cartographic corpus, the firm had wide ranging publishing interests in many other areas, including books, broadsides, and an investment in Blackwoods Magazine. They had their offices at 47 Paternoster Row, London, England. This firm also published under the imprint Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy and Cradock and Joy. Learn More...


Thomson, J., A New General Atlas, (Edinburgh: Baldwin, Cradock, Joy) 1817.     Thomson's New General Atlas was first published in 1817 and continued to be published until about 1821. This is the first of Thomson's major cartographic works and the atlas for which is most celebrated. The New General Atlas follows in the Edinburgh School, which eschews excessive decoration in favor of a more minimalistic fact-based cartographic vision, as established by John Pinkerton, Laurie and Whittle, John Cary, and others in the previous decades. The maps are notable for their massive scale, heavy stock, elegant color work, and easy-to-read typefaces. Although the atlas stopped being published after 1821, Thomson continued to offer 'supplementary' maps that could be tipped into the atlas as late as 1830, when he declared bankruptcy. The maps in the Thomson Atlas were engraved by Thomas Clerk, William Dassauville, Nathaniel Rogers Hewitt, James Kirkwood, Robert Kirkwood, John Menzies, George Menzies, Edward Mitchell, John Moffatt, Samuel John Neele, Robert Scott, and James Wyld.


Very good. Toning along fold line. Noticeable offsetting.


Rumsey 1007.056.