Pony Express Route April 3, 1860 - October 24, 1861.
10 x 29.5 in (25.4 x 74.93 cm)
1 : 3000000
This is a 1951 first edition of the William Henry Jackson and Howard Roscoe Driggs pictorial map of the Pony Express. The map depicts the region from the Pacific Ocean to Kansas City, Missouri, and from Platte Bridge, Wyoming to San Francisco Bay. The Pony Express Route itself is highlighted in red and most of the 190 stations along the way are identified.
The Pony ExpressThe Pony Express Route covered approximately 1,900 miles from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California. From St. Joseph the route followed the Oregon and California Trails to Fort Bridger, Wyoming, then the Mormon Trail to Salt Lake City, Utah, and finally the Central Nevada Route to Carson City, Nevada Territory, before finally crossing the Sierra Nevada Mountains to Sacramento. Mail traveling in both directions took ten days to reach its destination. The record was set after the 1860 presidential election, when William Russell, a senior partner of Russell, Majors, and Waddell, a major investor in the Pony Express, decided to use the election to promote the Pony Express. He hired additional riders and horses to be stationed along the route, ensuring the fast connections, and the news of Lincoln's victory reached California papers only 7 days and 17 hours after a Pony Express rider left Fort Kearny, Nebraska Territory. Vignettes of waypoints are included both above and below, illustrating Courthouse Rock, Chimney Rock, Old Fort Kearny, a gigantic herd of buffalo, a relay station in the Utah desert, and the Great Salt Lake, among others.
Publication History and CensusThis map was created by William Henry Jackson with a short text by Howard Roscoe Driggs and was published in 1951. There have been at least three separate editions, with one published by the Union Pacific Railroad in 1951 (the present example) and the other was published c. 1960 by the American Pioneer Trails Association in advance of the centennial of the Pony Express. We have encountered a third edition bearing the imprint neither of the American Pioneer Trails Association nor the Union Pacific.
William Henry Jackson (April 4, 1843 - June 30, 1942) was an American painter, geological survey photographer, explorer, and American Civl War veteran. Born in Keeseville, New York, Jackson found a passion for painting from a young age (his mother was a talented watercolorist) and was said to be an excellent painter by the age of 19. At 19, in October 1862, Jackson enlisted in Company K of the 12th Vermont Infantry of the Union Army during the American Civil War as a private. Jackson served in the Union Army for nine months and was at the Battle of Gettysburg, but spent most of his nine months on garrison duty. Jackson boarded a Union Pacific train in 1866 and rode it to the end of the line, which at the time was about 100 miles west of Omaha, Nebraska. He then joined a wagon train heading to the Great Salt Lake along the Oregon Trail. He and his brother Edward Jackson decided to settle down in Omaha in 1867 and opened a photography business. It was while he was in Omaha that Jackson made is now famous series of photographs of the Native Americans. He won a commission from the Union Pacific in 1869 to photograph scenery along their rail routes to be used in promotional materials. Jackson was a member of the Hayden Geological Survey of 1871, which led to the establishment of Yellowstone National Park. Jackson continued working on the Hayden Surveys until the last one in 1878. Jackson continued working as a photographer, painter, and publisher well into the 1910s, although it was during World War I when sales of photographs and postcards began to decline that his publishing business began to suffer. His company, the Detroit Publishing Company went into receivership in 1924 and all its assets were liquidated in 1932. Jackson moved to Washington, D.C. in 1924 and painted murals in the new Department of the Interior building and served as a technical advisor during the filming of Gone with the Wind. He attended the July 1938 75th anniversary commemoration of the Battle of Gettysburg and when he died in 1942 he was recognized as one of the last surviving Civil War veterans and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Learn More...
Howard Roscoe Driggs (August 8, 1873 - February 17, 1963) was an American professor of English, author, and editor. Born in Pleasant Grove, Utah, Driggs attended the Brigham Young Academy and then attended the University of Utah, from which he received a bachelor's degree in 1908 and a master's degree in 1918. He also studied at the University of Chicago and New York University, from which he achieved his Ph. D. In 1926. Driggs began his teaching career at a small school in Pleasant Grove just after graduating from the Brigham Young Academy and served as a member of the faculty at the newly-opened Southern Utah University beginning in 1897. He was a member of the faculty at the University of Utah from 1907 to 1923, and then was a professor of English at New York University from 1927 until his retirement in 1942. Driggs married Eva May Frampton (1874 - 1947) on September 8, 1897 in a Mormon temple in Salt Lake City, with whom he had two sons. Following Eva's death, Driggs married Margaret Brazier Quarrier (1909 - 2008) in Lawrence, Kansas, who had three children from a previous marriage. Learn More...
Excellent condition. A bright, cleanexample.