Mapa dos Reynos de Portugal e Algarve.
1775 (undated) 12 x 16.5 in (30.48 x 41.91 cm)
1 : 1220000
This is a 1775 Giovanni Antonio Rizzi Zannoni map of southern Portugal, the Algarve, and southwestern Spain. The map depicts from Lisbon to Gibraltar and from the Atlantic Ocean to Andorra, Spain. Engraved in a highly unusual topographic style, this map offers excellent detail throughout showing mountains, rivers, forests, national boundaries, regional boundaries, forts, and cities. A large decorative title cartouche depicting the heraldic crests Portugal and the Algarve appears in the lower left corner. This is one of the most highly detailed maps of southern Portugal to appear in the late 18th century.
This map was drawn by Rizzi Zannoni around 1775 for issue in Jean Lattre's 1776 issue of the Atlas Moderne.
Giovanni Antonio Bartolomeo Rizzi Zannoni (September 2, 1736 - May 20, 1814) was an 18th century Italian cartographer active in Venice and Naples. Zannoni was born in Padua, Italy on September 2, 1736. Between 1749 and 1751 Zannoni studied Astronomy at the University of Padua under John Polen, a prominent astronomer of the period. After leaving the University, Zannoni was commissioned by the King of Poland, Augustus III, to map that country. Zannoni's subsequent survey is considered the first accurate triangulation of Poland. Afterwards Zannoni's services were in high demand and he traveled around much of Europe, working on various surveys in Denmark, Germany, Prussia, and Sweden. Around 1857 Zannoni was caught up in the hostilities surrounding the Seven Year War and, after one battle, was taken to Paris as a prisoner of war. Paris must have suited Zannoni for he remained there for nearly 20 years, even taking service with the Paris Engineer's Office. It was also here in Paris the Zannoni developed many of the cartographic contacts that would lead to a number of important cartographic publications, including the Atlas Moderne in conjunction with Lattre. In 1781 Zannoni was called to Naples by the Bourbon monarch there to help in the revision of the Charter of 1769. Afterwards he stayed on and produced a numerous important maps of the Kingdom of Naples. Zannoni is considered a careful and precise cartographer and his work, particularly the maps he made in Naples, have been praised by R.V. Tooley as "remarkable for a marvelously minute attention to detail, and amply deserves the commendation passed upon it by Sir George Fordham" (Tooley, Maps and Mapmakers, 21). Zannoni would spend the remainder of his days in Naples and passed away on May 20, 1814.
Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France.
Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c.1778.
Very good. Even overall toning. Original press mark visible. Blank on verso.
Rumsey 2612.024. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.