United States of America Southern Part.
1818 (undated) 21 x 28 in (53.34 x 71.12 cm)
A rare and important 1818 map of the southeastern part of the United States. Depicts from the Mississippi River eastward to the Pacific, extends north as far as Delaware and south as far as Florida and the Mississippi Delta. This map was created during the transitional period of expansion shortly following the American Revolutionary War. Shows Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. Predates the formation of Ohio, Illinois, Indiana and Alabama. Florida was not yet part of the United States but would join one year after this map was printed in 1819. Most of this map is given over to describing and notating the various American Indian nations active west of the Appellation Mountains. Notes the Creeks, the Seminoles, the Apalachi, the Choctaw, the Chickasaw, and others. Hunting grounds, villages and fortifications are noted, sometimes accompanied by the date in which they were destroyed. Also identifies the Wabash Company, the Jersey Company and the Illinois Company. These land companies were formed during the colonial period to acquire, sell, and colonize American Indian lands just east of the Mississippi. Drawn by L. Herbert and engraved by Samuel Neele under the direction of John Pinkerton. The map comes from the scarce American edition of Pinkerton's Modern Atlas, published by Thomas Dobson & Co. of Philadelphia in 1818.
John Pinkerton (1758-1826) was one of the leading masters of the Edinburgh school of cartography which flourished from roughly 1800 to 1830. Pinkerton & his contemporaries (Thomson & Cary) redefined European cartography by abandoning typical 18th century decorative elements such as elaborate title cartouches and fantastical beasts in favor of detail and accuracy. Pinkerton's principle work is the "Pinkerton's Modern Atlas" published from 1808 through 1815 with a special American reissue by Dobson & Co. in 1818. Today Pinkerton maps are becoming increasingly rare as they are highly admired for their unsurpassed quality, monumental size, vivid hand coloration, and flawless detail.
Thomas Dobson was an American publisher active in Philadelphia during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Dobson was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1751 and emigrated to Philadelphia c. 1780. In Philadelphia, he established a successful printing business by republishing edited and updated versions of important British reference materials in matching quality but at a much lower price point. He is best known for publishing the first American edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica. He also published America's first Hebrew Bible. Cartographically Dobson's most notable work is 1818 republication of Pinkerton's fantastic Modern Atlas.
Pinkerton, J., A Modern Atlas, from the Lates and Best Authorities, Exhibiting the Various Divisions of the World with its chief Empires, Kingdoms, and States; in Sixty Maps, carefully reduced from the Larges and Most Authentic Sources. 1818, Philadelphia, Thomas Dobson Edition.
Very good condition. Very minor damp staining lower left corner, mostly confined to outer margins. Minor transference. Original centerfold. Blank on verso.
Rumsey 0732.044. Phillips (Atlases) 724. National Maritime Museum, 409. Phillips (America), p. 880.