Matthew Carey (fl. 1785 - 1822) was an Irish-American map engraver, cartographer, and publisher active in Philadelphia in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Carey was born in Dublin, Ireland, and immigrated to the United States around 1784, establishing is printing firm just one year later. While initially focused on journals within ten years Carey turned to cartographic printing with his first Atlas, A General Atlas for the Present War being published in 1794. In 1795 Carey published his American Atlas, a landmark work and the first atlas of the United States. Unlike large European publishing houses, Carey managed his business as a cottage industry, outsourcing much of the work of map and atlas production to various independent contractors and self-employed artisans. This style of publishing, most likely the result of limited financing, defined American publishing in the early 19th century. This approach to map publishing was subsequent embraced by later American publishers such as Tanner and Melish, who rose to prominence in Carey's wake. Matthew Carey published until his retirement in 1822, when his son Henry C. Carey and son-in-law Isaac Lea, took over the firm under the Carey and Lea imprint.